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Russia Launches Super-Luxury Limo Brand to Compete with Bentley – Putin Is First Customer

This very well made film is very interesting because it shows how the Russians started a major industrial manufacturing project from scratch, and built it up over several years, much of it in great secrecy because it involved creating a domestic limousine for Russia’s leaders.

Revealing insight into contemporary Russian manufacturing conditions. Full transcript of the 30 minute film follows below.Image result for Russia Launches Super-Luxury Limo Brand

Here is Putin showing off his new ride to Abu Dhabi’s crown prince:

A short preview of the car from RT:

And here is the full documentary:

Transcript:

The president of Russia will be using a locally made limo of the new Kortezh series. They promised to create a new, domestically produced limo.

The only real leak was made last winter in Sweden. The project was given the code name Kortezh. Project Kortezh.

The rumors, speculations and wild guesses that have come from pseudo car experts in the last 5 years are too many to even count, Same goes for the designs and photos that had been spread on the internet with the title, The Biggest Secret Of Russian Car Industry Revealed.

It was meant to attract such close attention, especially considering the level of secrecy that surrounded its development and testing. Especially considering that Project Kortezh still means to many only the presidential state car, even though it’s not true. And especially considering all the things implemented in our country for the first time.

Russia’s first luxury car that competes with Rolls Royce, Bentley and executive models of Mercedes. How is this even possible, considering the short time that it took to bring this ambitious and bold project to life

Aurus is a new Russian car brand. Like a golden alloy. Aurum means gold in Latin. The Rus part is clear without translation. For now, it’s available in three body styles — limo, sedan, and minivan. The biggest premiere is, of course, the executive limo for the highest state officials. A long-awaited premiere.

– It’s strong, it’s invincible, but at the same time it’s kind.

– It’s very easy to drive. It’s responsive to acceleration and braking.

– Could you say that it’s the safest car available today?

– I think so.

– So it could be stamped with Cleared by Federal Protective Service?

– Yes, it could.

The official state car. Every country with a car industry has one. In France, it’s Citroën. In Germany, it’s traditionally Mercedes, even though Angela Merkel prefers Audi. The current president of the US travels in Cadillac nicknamed The Beast. In Japan, all political establishment traditionally commutes in Nissan. This is not just a top-level publicity for the brand, this is a matter of national pride.

Yuri Chernenko, Head of Design at NAMI: “The idea of a car for the country’s leader has always existed. Every auto manufacturers, every engineer wants to create this, because it’s a top level, it’s prestigious, it’s beautiful and it’s limitless.”

Legends around this project started popping up just as it was announced back in 2013. By the way, Kortezh is not the official name. It was invented by journalists. And indeed, no other car has attracted so much attention before its official premiere.

Igor Pospelov, Deputy Director of Security at NAMI: “Many people showed interest in it, from regular citizens to popular bloggers and news outlets. Everyone”.

Every news story even remotely connected to this Russian project would spread like wildfire in the media. It was truly a hunt for a scoop.

Igor Pospelov: We’ve received inquiries from fake emails, like from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, asking for a report on the car with photos and everything. There were also brazen attempts to bribe our employees through social networks in exchange for them providing photos.

The job of designing and building the official state car was given to NAMI, the Central Scientific Research Automobile and Automotive Engines Institute which celebrates its 100th anniversary this year. The first question the designers had to answer was what this car should look like. There were a lot of different suggestions, from ultra modern and futuristic models to the timeless classics.

– This is one of the first sketches, showing the car in a classic look. As the foundation for the style development, we chose…

– Judging from these stripes, it was ZIS-110.

– Yes. We chose ZIS-110 because if you have a close look at Russian and Soviet car history, you see that ZIS-110 was the first Soviet car that in terms of style and structure was designed specifically for country leaders.

– But stylistically it was also based on American Packard?

– Sure. And American culture had a huge influence here. Many people compare it to Packard, but if you look inside a Packard, you’ll find striking differences.

All Aurus cars are united into a single concept. The model range was inspired by the Kremlin towers. The limousine and sedan are Senat. The minivan is Arsenal. There’s also Komendant, the future SUV.

The first impression — Aurus looks noble. Not flashy, not extravagant, but indeed noble. Actually, the car’s exterior even shows some ascetic elements, like the taillights. In my view, the designers have accomplished the difficult task of creating an elegant, yet seemingly simple product. The Aurus cars are notable not only for their outer similarity.

The project is actually called EMP which stands for Unified Modular Platform. For the future production on a larger scale, the unification principle where the same components are used across the entire range is a must. Such is the reality of the global automotive industry.

Vadim Pereverzev, Chief Designer at Project EMP: It allows a reduction in time spent on developing the car, as well as the cost of manufacturing and the parts chain.

– Cost of the end product?

– Yes. That’s the direction we chose. And since our goal wasn’t just to create a single car, but rather a range of models, we started to build a unified modular platform which allowed us to build this model range based on standardized components.

Vadim Pereverzev, the chief designer at the United Modular Platform Project. His story is a good example of reverse brain drain. He used to work in the same position at one of the car companies in Italy. The sea, the sun, the euro.

– Why did you come back?

– I believe that this kind of project is worth coming back, not to mention that people should live in their home country.

– Where is it more interesting to work, in Italy or here?

– Here of course, because the project is very unusual, ambitious and challenging.

While the Aurus limo, for obvious reasons, won’t go into mass production, remaining an exclusive product, the sedan will. Compared to the limo, it’s one meter shorter, which also makes shorter its wheelbase. In its first design, the car looked much more like the legendary ZIS-110. That’s what we heard at the test range from Denis Manturov, Minister of Industry and Trade, who was put in charge of creating this car from the first day of the project.

Denis Manturov, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade: “The trunk was very sleek, basically a copy of the one on ZIS. But when we started doing aerodynamic testing, it had to go, because it was pulling up the rear part of the car. So what we see today is the aerodynamic solution found through a lot of pain and hard work”.

– The question is can I give it a try?

– You can.

– You’re driving.

– All right, let’s go.

– Shall we?

– Sure.

– Denis Valentinovich, if it’s not a secret, what was your first car?

– My first car was VAZ-2104.

– That’s a station wagon, right?

– Right.

Back in 1987, 18-year-old Denis Manturov, who had just fixed his father’s 2104, could hardly imagine that a quarter-century later the ministry whose head he would become would be charged with changing the face of Russian car industry through creating something that our country never had before, with the exception of maybe GAZ Chaika and ZIL.

Even in 2013, there was no end to the criticism of the project that hadn’t even started yet.

“I’m sorry, so you want to say that here in Russia, using Russian parts, you can create a high-end car?! We don’t have the technology! It has to be state-of-the-art, whether it’s electronics, metalwork, finish or anything else. Where are you gonna get high-quality materials? Leather, glass, plastic… Who’s gonna assemble it? Russians, really?”

Denis Manturov: “Many people asked me where we got the experts. It wasn’t only those people who had been working at our automotive facilities and making their career at NAMI. We’ve also brought in guys who had worked for 10-15 years in the leading companies around the world. And this process of Russian professionals coming back shows again that these experts believed in this project and believed in those ambitious goals that, in the end, we made come true”.

– Was it possible 10 years ago to build such a car?

– No. In all honesty, if you ask me, I’ll say no.

– Why?

– You know, all in good time. First, we had to build a certain level of experience and competence. Now we have it.

The international experience was, of course, crucial. And it would be stupid not to use the cutting-edge tech of the automotive world. No one even tried to hide the fact that the engine design and tuning required the experience of engineers from German Porsche. Still, all of the technology were developed in-house.

The engine itself is a 600hp, 4.4 liter, twin-turbo, V8. Let’s not forget that it’s hybrid. There’s also an electric motor that produces up to 122 horsepowers. And these specifications dictate probably the most prominent part of the exterior, this massive radiator grille. There are also two air intakes on both sides. Well, a big engine needs a lot of air.

For now, the engine is the same across the entire Aurus range. In the future, the heavy, armored limo will get a new, more powerful one, 6.6 liters, V12, 800 horsepowers, and also hybrid, with an electric motor.

To build our own engine, among other things, we had to learn how to properly cast its parts. That wasn’t so easy. Who should be the contractor? To this day, many companies use the services of foreign companies because our country is not doing so good with casting. NAMI decided to master the casting themselves. In this cast shop, you can’t see the usual spark showers or flows of glowing metal. The processes here go unnoticed or rather hidden from the eye. It all starts with 3D technologies like on any modern production.

Vyacheslav Dovbysh, Director of Center of Technologies at NAMI:

– This is a sand mold with the binder. It’s regular sand.

– It’s very soft.

– Yes, it’s calibrated, well-dried.

This sand is used to make molds, just like it was done in ancient times, only in the 21st century this is a job for a 3D printer. It helps to save the most crucial thing—time.

Vyacheslav Dovbysh: “For example, if it’s a very complex cast like a cylinder block or something like that, the first trial cast is done in two weeks. As recently as 5-6 years ago, it could take up to 6 months”.

These molds are filled with liquid aluminum under pressure and against gravity— from the bottom up. Because of this, the metal is more homogeneous than what you get with normal, atmospheric casting, from the top down. It’s a huge increase in quality.

– What do we have here?

Vyacheslav Dovbysh: It’s the housing of the electric motor. At certain moments, the electric motor helps the engine to accelerate faster. It also serves as a generator for the abundant electronics on board. So in our project, we use a hybrid system.

After this, the metal will be several times scanned, checked for physicomechanical properties, such as hardness, and then go to further processing. Next follows the most precise check on the micron scale. Some details will be checked again and again, even with the MRI. Everything in engines has to be flawless.

Up until recently, the only gasoline engines developed in our country by domestic experts date back to the 80’s. Everything after that was only improvements. So was there a point in trying to get by without international best practices? Not really. But this time the goal was to master the technologies, rather than copy them.

Aleksey Terenchenko, Director of Power Systems Center at NAMI: Of course, it’s easy to build an engine from components manufactured in Germany, in Europe. They have everything ready. We know that. It’s an easy way that was sadly chosen by many of our engine manufacturers.

– And then they complain that we have the parts, but not the technologies.

– Here we had a different goal. To invest as much as possible in the local manufacturers, to help them with technologies, to help them with construction, to help them with engineers, to develop their competencies, okay? Not just to give them something and make them build it, but to allow them to adjust it to the technologies they have while closing the gap in the quality level required for top engines, top cars. That’s the goal we set for ourselves, and I believe we’re achieving it.

– You set this goal for the country’s economy, too, right?

This healthy and productive request, “Give us a unique Russian product” was directed not only at engine manufacturers. And many received such a request for the first time in 30 years— not just put the brand “Made in Russia” on the international level, but make it even better and more reliable.

Folk wisdom, “Don’t judge others by how they look” is not exclusively Russian. The same rule is followed by fashion trendsetters, the Italians and French, not to mention the extremely practical Germans who make a small but very important caveat. They say, it’s not the person’s clothes that matters, it’s his shoes. This western piece of wisdom just wasn’t working for Russian automotive industry. You’d ask, how come? In the Soviet times, we produced our own good tires. Take, for example, Kama. This tire-producing factory has been operating since 1973. It was the biggest one in the USSR, with 12 billion tires produced annually. VAZ, KAMAZ—almost everyone was getting their tires here.

Aleksander Makhotin, CEO of KAMA Center of R&D: “Then came 1991-92. World brands, such as Michelin, Continental, Pirelli have entered our market. Russia saw an influx of cars that weren’t present in the Soviet Union. We weren’t producing that kind of tires”.

Back then, the industry was expected to die. “It’s not competitive. You will never catch up with international brands. Don’t even try.” At the end of the 90’s, it sounded like a verdict. The year 2018, the same factory.

Aleksander Makhotin: Here’s a tire that no one else in the world can produce.

– No one? Only you?

– No one. Only us.

This is one of those tires that carry the 7-ton presidential limo. It’s the reason why we came to Tatarstan, to the Nizhnekamsk Tire Factory, with a simple question.

– There are dozens of worldwide known brands that produce tires. Why you?

Aleksander Makhotin: First of all, it’s a unique car. The tire requirements are also unique. When we were agreeing to this, we knew that there were no comparable tires. So we had to do everything ourselves.

What are these requirements that no other tire in the world can satisfy? Let’s have a look. Every tire has a very important characteristic, the load index. For light vehicles, it ranges from 60 to 125. That’s from 250 to 1,650 kilograms. So the maximum load that can be carried by 4 strongest tires is 6.5 tons. Anything more than that requires truck tires. But while having a big load index, they also have a low speed rating. As a result, the tires are either strong or fast. Were there no attempts to make something in between? There were. But they failed. Until Russian professionals got down to work. Apparently, there wasn’t anything even similar. They had to invent and build everything themselves.

– What we achieved is a symbiosis. On one hand, it’s a passenger-car tire, on the other hand, it’s a truck tire.

Valeriy Kudryavtsev, Chief Designer at KAMA Center of R&D: “For certification, we nominated it as a C3 tire, a truck tire meant for trucks and buses. That’s on one hand. On the other hand, it has all the properties of a passenger-car tire, like high maximum speed, high responsiveness which means a quick response to steering, as well as high stability on the straights and during corners”.

The key secret to its durability is not easy to see. It’s hidden inside the complex multi-layer structure of the tire. This is not a weaving mill as you might have thought. Instead of yarn, these spools carry this metal cord. A wire basically. The answer to the main question, “Why Russian-made tires?” Any other tire, without such an intricate weave, would just blow out. The tests have shown it many times. Here, tires are subjected to extreme testing. They get loaded, accelerated, heated and worn without mercy, much harder than it happens on the road.

Maria Ivanikhina, Head of Testing Laboratory: In a chosen mode, we imitate the behavior of the tire on the road, checking its performance.

– Like the way it turns?

– Exactly.

– Or how it responds to braking?

– We can check everything, yes. The main goal is to understand its limits.

– To blow it up?

– To destroy.

Destroying the tire reinforced with a metal cord is not easy. The final parameters go like this. Maximum tire load is 1900 kg, maximum speed is 190 km/h which can be pushed up to 210, as proven by tests.

Aleksander Makhotin: “I believe this tire will give us a push forward. It won’t just end here, it won’t be a tire just for this car. It will probably give Russia a new impetus. We can offer absolutely unique properties. I can say that right now this tire allows to save around 15% of fuel”.

Still, for a typical owner of such a car, saving fuel is not the most important factor. Much closer attention will be paid to other things, like the quality of the interior materials, and the judgment will be even more harsh than that of the Minister of Industry and Trade.

Denis Manturov: “I can tell you this. While working on the interior elements, we were building on the feedback provided to us by potential clients. We conducted customer research, and not just one, but three times, at different stages. It went something like this. We invited owners of expensive high-end cars, such as Mercedes, Maybach, Bentley, Rolls-Royce. We equipped a special place and asked the respondents to look at the cars they already know and compare them to our car”.

What elements inside create the feeling of an exclusive product? It’s leather and plastic. Feels nice. NAMI is developing its own original plastic which is then vigorously tested. Together with the chassis, it’s exposed to more than a hundred thousand kilometers of driving in a test car. In a premium car, there’s no place for squeaking, rattling and other unwanted noises.

Vyacheslav Dovbysh: “Our project, among other things, means designing an exclusive car, and of course, an exclusive car has to be built from exclusive materials”.

The materials that have been developed, manufactured and tested here will later go into mass production, and not only for this car. So we are also improving the quality of plastic in the domestic car industry? Cool.

Still, it’s not the plastic that makes a car executive. It’s leather. Or rather the way it’s prepared. You can recognize good leather with your hands. What’s interesting is that up until recently, for automotive and aviation industry this material was manufactured anywhere but in Russia, even though we’ve long had enterprises that manufacture absolutely top-notch products.

This factory near Ryazan has marked its 100th birthday in 2016, but its history began even earlier. Before 1916, it was located in Riga. It was evacuated here during the First World War. At the end of the 20th century, it almost collapsed, just like the Nizhnekamsk Tire Factory. But now it’s the biggest in Russia and one of the biggest in the world productions of high-quality leather.

Andrey Nizov, CEO of Russian Leather: This is our own patented leather, that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

– That’s really great.

Yet up until recently this place wasn’t producing automotive leather. Apparently, there was a lot of resistance to them entering this market. Project Aurus gave a jumpstart to the production of both automotive and aviation leather here.

Andrey Nizov: This is where the elements are being cut out. As you see, the computer software allows to position the pieces in such a way that we reduce the waste of this expensive material.

– These are the patterns?

– Yes. They are aligned with the piece of leather, and then the machine cuts them to make the elements needed to sew the end product.

The creation of such high-quality material takes up to 4 weeks. First, those hides are carefully selected that have a large surface and no defects. Then follows a long stage of processing. Before ending up on the cutting table, the raw material will go through several stages of soaking, liming, fleshing, tanning, dyeing, stuffing, drying and finishing. After all that, a lot of effort will be put into trying to ruin the final samples. The automotive leather has to be more than just soft and nice to touch.

Aleksander Kondrashov, Technologist: “The car can be used in very low temperatures. It’s used even it’s-30°C outside. So the car is parked outside, and when you get in and on the seat, the leather shouldn’t crack. Same in summer. A car parked in the sun easily gets as hot as 60-80°C. But the leather shouldn’t change either its color or its shape”.

In this lab, the leather gets heated even to bigger temperatures. You probably know how to tell good leather from not so good. You might have even tried this test in a clothes store. A match or a lighter. Move it around a bit. A small trial by fire. But in this lab, the fire test is much harsher. Let’s time it. 15 seconds. The leather can burn but only to a certain point, not more than 2 cm.

– Elena, what’s your opinion?

Elena Ruzaykina, Head of Laboratory: This sample shows a very good result. In this case, both the burning time and speed are 0, because we start counting the burning speed after the fire has reached the first mark.

– So if in 15 seconds, it has burnt up to here, it’s within the normal range?

– And it burnt around 20%. -Yes, exactly.

– So it passed the test?

– Yes, absolutely.

– Good leather.

In other areas of the lab, leather is not treated any better. It’s getting rubbed, rumpled, bent, stretched, soaked in water, acid and brines, and then stretched again until it…

– Okay, so how strong it’s supposed to be?

Vyacheslav Koval, Head of Automotive and Aviation Leather Division: There are certain durability requirements for automotive leather. It has to be quite strong, yet soft to make the passenger comfortable.

– Why weren’t you making it before?

– We had to get some experience first. Automotive and aviation leather is the top level of leather craft.

Well, beauty is one thing, but what about crash tests? How is it with the active and passive driving safety systems?

– Do you know of any other car, the development of which was done -in close collaboration with the Protective Service?

– No.

That was one of the top officials of the Federal Protective Service. We could just finish here. But actually, our conversation was long and interesting. Too much to fit all of it here.

Vladimir Makarov, Department Head at FSO: All the safety and comfort features that we wanted to see in this car, were implemented in this car.

– Can you say that it’s the safest car currently available?

– I think so. Whether it’s passive or active driving safety, special safety or information safety, I believe it’s the top car.

Still, we decided to check some of the safety features for ourselves. When a 2.5 kg metal ball falls down on the windshield from a height of 4 meters, naturally, there are consequences.

– The glass has to be replaced, right?

Andrey Nikolaev, Quality Inspector: It has to be replaced, yes.

– But it didn’t go through.

– It didn’t. It passed the test.

– So it’s okay?

– It’s a safe glass.

This is only one of the many tests that are used to test every shipment of car glass that rolls off the production line of this factory in Bor, Nizhny Novgorod Region. That includes the glass for Aurus cars. But how is it different?

Dmitry Anokhin, AGC Bor Glassworks: First of all, it’s additional comfort and safety.

– How is that achieved?

– The windshield has a heating system, to quickly defrost the glass and start the car.

– The same as in production cars.

– There’s also a head-up display. The head-up display allows us to avoid distractions while driving.

– Like this image that is projected here? Ah, this way you don’t have to look down.

– Those are the main features. The glass on the sides and in the rear is made with the windshield technology. It’s a three-layered, triplex glass. It reduces the noise inside the car and improves its safety.

Do the windows have a heating system? What leather is used for upholstery? What engine is under the hood? All these questions are, of course, very important. But what makes up the face of the modern car is in big part its electronic features and other hi-tech gizmos. So what do we have here? This is what’s called an agile user interface. It was developed from scratch by NAMI experts, same as the intelligent safety system.

– What’s the coolest feature of the car?

Denis Endachev, Director of IT Center at NAMI:

– If we’re talking about the limo, it has the expanded view feature which allows to see what’s going on around the car. There are extra displays and cameras installed in it. It’s a feature that enhances the driving experience, as we can see from the tests.

– So what is the overview?

– 360°. You can see everything around the car. This car also has adaptive cruise control and a lane keeping system. If you turn on both systems at the same time the car can drive along the lane automatically.

– Does it recognize traffic signs?

– It does.

– Does it see pedestrians?

– It does.

Obviously, there was no way around using international components, especially in electronics, but even here, insists Denis, they’ve achieved 90% localization — made in Russia.

The biggest question is, what’s the future of this car? I was preparing to ask this question in German but I didn’t have to. Please, meet Gerhard Hilgert, a famous figure in German automotive industry, currently the managing director at Aurus.

Gerhard Hilgert: “The Aurus brand is a luxury brand. So we are planning to target this brand at high-class customers. Our competitors will definitely be such cars as Bentley, Rolls-Royce and Mercedes. There are no Russian-made luxury cars currently on the market. I believe it’s something many people are interested in because Russian style is distinct. We have a good opportunity, a good chance to win several percent share of the market”.

In any case, Project Aurus is already looking to go beyond the market of luxury cars. Here’s the new upcoming premiere, an SUV with the formidable name Komendant. The ceremonial unveiling of this car is expected by the end of the year, but it’s clearly going to be in the same style as other Aurus models. Also, installed under this hood is the same 600 hp hybrid gasoline engine. The only thing left is to test its performance. After all, it’s an SUV. Well, we’ll try to get ourselves a test drive.

But for now, let’s go back to the test drive of the familiar black Aurus Senat, especially since it doesn’t happen often that your driver is the Minister of Industry and Trade.

– How do you like your driving experience?

Denis Manturov: First, you shouldn’t forget that it’s a heavy, armored car. The light-weight, standard version of this car is very different in terms of the weight. But even the heavy, armored car is very easy to steer. It’s responsive to acceleration and braking. You could feel it yourself. There’s no body roll. The car performs really well.

– I wasn’t scared, thanks to you. Thank you so much!

– Thank you!

At the end of this film, we can safely say that it’s just the beginning of the project with the golden name Aurus. There will be new models, new solutions for the design, power system, electronics, and price. The car industry doesn’t stand still, and neither do the petrochemical, electronic or metallurgical industries.

The experts say, “Look at the car produced in the country, and you will understand the state of its economy”.

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Inside the ‘billionaire bunkers’ where the world’s super rich will ride out the apocalypse – as sales surge 300 PER CENT since Donald Trump was elected

A growing number of the world’s super rich are preparing for the apocalypse by purchasing ‘doomsday bunkers’.

But don’t expect the one per cent to slum it out in drab, concrete dwellings as they survive the end of the world – these bunkers feature some of the most lavish layouts imaginable that are designed for the more modern survivalist.

‘Your father or grandfather’s bunker was not very comfortable,’ Robert Vicino, CEO of Vivos, told CNN.

‘They were gray. They were metal, like a ship or something military. And the truth is mankind cannot survive long-term in such a Spartan, bleak environment.’

Scroll down for video 

A growing number of the world's super rich are preparing for the apocalypse by purchasing 'doomsday bunkers'. The 2.8 meter high mobile shutters at the Safe House, Poland, open up to 180 degrees and a roll-down gate, made of white anodized aluminum, can also function as a projection screen

A growing number of the world’s super rich are preparing for the apocalypse by purchasing ‘doomsday bunkers’. The 2.8 meter high mobile shutters at the Safe House, Poland, open up to 180 degrees and a roll-down gate, made of white anodized aluminum, can also function as a projection screen

But don't expect the one per cent to slum it out in drab, concrete dwellings as they survive the end of the world - these bunkers feature some of the most lavish layouts (pictured) imaginable that are designed for the more modern survivalist. The Survival Condo in Kansas provides military-level security, on top of the protection provided by the facility's 9-foot thick walls

But don’t expect the one per cent to slum it out in drab, concrete dwellings as they survive the end of the world – these bunkers feature some of the most lavish layouts (pictured) imaginable that are designed for the more modern survivalist. The Survival Condo in Kansas provides military-level security, on top of the protection provided by the facility’s 9-foot thick walls

Vivos is one of the world's leaders in bunker construction. The company's latest offering, the XPoint (pictured), is advertised as the largest 'prepper' community on Earth

Vivos is one of the world’s leaders in bunker construction. The company’s latest offering, the XPoint (pictured), is advertised as the largest ‘prepper’ community on Earth

Dotted across nine square miles fields of southwest South Dakota - far from nuclear targets, according to Vivos - are 575 bomb-resistant bunkers that can comfortably sleep 10 to 20 people each. The interiors (pictured) of each bunker are outfitted by the owners at a cost of between $25,000 to $200,000 each

Dotted across nine square miles fields of southwest South Dakota – far from nuclear targets, according to Vivos – are 575 bomb-resistant bunkers that can comfortably sleep 10 to 20 people each. The interiors (pictured) of each bunker are outfitted by the owners at a cost of between $25,000 to $200,000 each

The Vivos underground bunker in Germany (above) looks like a fancy hotel, including a community swimming pool

The Vivos underground bunker in Germany (above) looks like a fancy hotel, including a community swimming pool

Dotted across nine square miles fields of southwest South Dakota – far from nuclear targets, according to Vivos – are 575 bomb-resistant bunkers that can comfortably sleep 10 to 20 people each.

The bunkers are about 26 feet wide and up to 80 feet long, and have enough room to keep enough supplies for 12 months.

But with the security comes a hefty price tag.

The bunkers go for $25,000 for a 99-year lease, plus $1,000 annual maintenance fees.

And those who buy a bunker will still have to pay to install their own plumbing, electrical and air filtration systems.

In Vivos Indiana (above) the underground shelter is more like a 4-star hotel, complete with movie theater

In Vivos Indiana (above) the underground shelter is more like a 4-star hotel, complete with movie theater

Vivos Europa One, Germany - Modern day Noah's Ark, is built beneath a 400-foot tall mountain and offers 227,904 square feet of living space. Converted from a Cold War-era munitions storage facility, these individuola residences can be customized with a private pool, a theater, and a gym.

Vivos Europa One, Germany is a modern day Noah’s Ark and is built beneath a 400-foot tall mountain. It offers 227,904 square feet of living space

The Oppidum has its own private vaults 'for your most valuable assets'. Pictured is a bedroom at The Oppidum in Czech Republic

The Oppidum has its own private vaults ‘for your most valuable assets’. Pictured is a bedroom at The Oppidum in Czech Republic

This property called The Glass House, is located in London and is equipped with a stunning atrium with windows cut into the five-inch-thick walls and a magnificent glass staircase

This property called The Glass House, is located in London and is equipped with a stunning atrium with windows cut into the five-inch-thick walls and a magnificent glass staircase

After those extra costs are factored in, the total price can explode to as much as $200,000.

Vivos is planning to build a school, church, shooting range and garden on the nine-acre property. It also plans to offer a full-time staff.

The bunkers were originally used by the Army in 1942 and built with super reinforced concrete and steel walls and doors just in case the bombs they stored blew up. The bunkers can withstand a 500,000-ton blast.

Vivos bought the property last year and the first bunkers will be ready for move-in next summer.

Another prominent bunker builder is Rising S Company, a Texas-based corporation that said business is booming in recent months.

Gary Lynch, Rising S’ general manager, told CNN overall sales have increased by 300 per cent since the presidential election last November.

Lynch added overall sales in 2016 of the company’s high-end bunkers shot up by a staggering 700 per cent when compared to 2015.

Another of the most well-known American bunkers are the ‘Survival Condos’ in Kansas.

Larry Hall is the brainchild behind the developments, which were originally built by the US Army Corps of Engineers in the 1960s during the Cold War for the Atlas F missile, and there were 72 of them around the country.

It was revealed last month that all the apartments in the first complex sold out, and people now have the option to buy a flat in the second silo.

Another prominent bunker builder is Rising S Company, a Texas-based corporation that said business is booming in recent months. Gary Lynch, Rising S' general manager, said overall sales have increased by 300 per cent since the presidential election last November

Another prominent bunker builder is Rising S Company, a Texas-based corporation that said business is booming in recent months. Gary Lynch, Rising S’ general manager, said overall sales have increased by 300 per cent since the presidential election last November

Another of the most well-known American bunkers are the 'Survival Condos' (pictured) in Kansas. Larry Hall is the brainchild behind the developments, which were originally built by the US Army Corps of Engineers in the 1960s during the Cold War for the Atlas F missile, and there were 72 of them around the country

Another of the most well-known American bunkers are the ‘Survival Condos’ (pictured) in Kansas. Larry Hall is the brainchild behind the developments, which were originally built by the US Army Corps of Engineers in the 1960s during the Cold War for the Atlas F missile, and there were 72 of them around the country

It was revealed last month that all the apartments in the first complex sold out, and people now have the option to buy a flat in the second silo. The Survival Condo Project is a luxury complex housed 15 stories below ground in a former missile silo near Concordia, Kansas. Pictured is a theater room inside a the Survival Condo Project bunker 

It was revealed last month that all the apartments in the first complex sold out, and people now have the option to buy a flat in the second silo. The Survival Condo Project is a luxury complex housed 15 stories below ground in a former missile silo near Concordia, Kansas. Pictured is a theater room inside a the Survival Condo Project bunker

A full-floor apartment, spanning 1,800 square feet, will set buyers back $3million, while a 900-square-foot, half-floor unit is $1.5million. Penthouse variants are available for $4.5million. The abandoned Atlas missile silo (pictured) was turned into luxury condos by the Survival Condo Project 

A full-floor apartment, spanning 1,800 square feet, will set buyers back $3million, while a 900-square-foot, half-floor unit is $1.5million. Penthouse variants are available for $4.5million. The abandoned Atlas missile silo (pictured) was turned into luxury condos by the Survival Condo Project

The Survival Condo Project is a luxury complex housed 15 stories below ground in a former missile silo near Concordia, Kansas.

A full-floor apartment, spanning 1,800 square feet, will set buyers back $3million, while a 900-square-foot, half-floor unit is $1.5million. Penthouse variants are available for $4.5million.

It is designed to comfortably survive any apocalyptic disaster such as global health pandemics, cataclysmic weather and terror attacks, including a nuclear one.

The windows are designed to simulate normal patterns of sunrise and sunset, and display views appropriate to their angles to simulate the feeling of being above ground.

The walls of the silo, constructed out of epoxy-hardened concrete, are nine feet thick and designed to survive a direct nuclear strike.

The dome structure that covers the silo cap can withstand winds in excess of 500 mph.

The survival condos are designed to hold up to 70 people and have enough resources to keep them alive for years.

The survival condos are designed to hold up to 70 people and have enough resources to keep them alive for years. The Silo Home (pictured) in New York is located above a former missile facility

The survival condos are designed to hold up to 70 people and have enough resources to keep them alive for years. The Silo Home (pictured) in New York is located above a former missile facility

The Czech Republic is home to what has been dubbed 'the largest billionaire bunker in the world' - known as 'The Oppidum' (pictured)

The Czech Republic is home to what has been dubbed ‘the largest billionaire bunker in the world’ – known as ‘The Oppidum’ (pictured)

The massive 77,500 square foot underground bunker in the heart of the European country has been specifically built with the end of the world as we know it in mind. Designed for just one owner, it is it the largest private shelter in the world and features a private helipad, luxury underground living rooms and a secret corridor connecting the buildings above with those below

The massive 77,500 square foot underground bunker in the heart of the European country has been specifically built with the end of the world as we know it in mind. Designed for just one owner, it is it the largest private shelter in the world and features a private helipad, luxury underground living rooms and a secret corridor connecting the buildings above with those below

Even its location was strategically chosen in central Europe, in an undisclosed rural area close to Prague and less than two hours from both London and Moscow by private jet. Pictured is a jacuzzi bathtub inside The Oppidum 

Even its location was strategically chosen in central Europe, in an undisclosed rural area close to Prague and less than two hours from both London and Moscow by private jet. Pictured is a jacuzzi bathtub inside The Oppidum

This property, now called The Glass House, is virtually unrecognizable with a luxury swimming pool. The nuclear bunker was a Regional Control Centre and one of four in the London area, fully equipped with showers, food, water and fuel stores

This property, now called The Glass House, is virtually unrecognizable with a luxury swimming pool. The nuclear bunker was a Regional Control Centre and one of four in the London area, fully equipped with showers, food, water and fuel stores

Each apartment contains private bathroom and kitchen, and can be designed to your taste

Private bathroom

These apartments contain a private bathroom (right) and kitchen (left) and can be designed to your own taste

This includes air and water filtration systems, a range of energy sources (including wind power), and the capacity to grow plants and breed fish for food supplies. Armed guards patrol the entrance.

There are many other special features too, such as a cinema, swimming pool, surgery, golf range, and even a rock climbing wall.

And while the sales booms across all bunkers may suggest cashed-up Liberals are trying to escape a ‘Trump-pocalypse’, Vicino said people are moving in from all across the political spectrum.

The facilities also aren’t only available in the US.

In fact, the Czech Republic is home to what has been dubbed ‘the largest billionaire bunker in the world’ – known as ‘The Oppidum’.

The massive 77,500 square foot underground bunker in the heart of the European country has been specifically built with the end of the world as we know it in mind.

Designed for just one owner, it is it the largest private shelter in the world and features a private helipad, luxury underground living rooms and a secret corridor connecting the buildings above with those below, allowing its residents to quickly access safety when they feel threatened.

Even its location was strategically chosen in central Europe, in an undisclosed rural area close to Prague and less than two hours from both London and Moscow by private jet.

From the surface it is unimposing – but below ground it is colossal, a mansion carved deep into rock.

Luxury living areas including children’s bedrooms are safely tucked away behind a blast door, along with a bathroom with jacuzzi, cinema room, games room, swimming pool, gym, spa and a bar.

It even features an underground garden which comes complete with simulated natural light.

The Germany bunker is for the super-rich, though prices are kept under wraps for those who qualify

The Germany bunker is for the super-rich, though prices are kept under wraps for those who qualify

Behind the large swimming pool of the Survival Condo Project is a rock climbing wall for residents to enjoy while in the nuclear bunker, which was originally build back in 1960 

Behind the large swimming pool of the Survival Condo Project is a rock climbing wall for residents to enjoy while in the nuclear bunker, which was originally build back in 1960

The Survival Condo Project's complex is designed to comfortably survive any apocalypse, such as global health pandemics, cataclysmic weather, and terror attacks

The Survival Condo Project’s complex is designed to comfortably survive any apocalypse, such as global health pandemics, cataclysmic weather, and terror attacks

The Oppidum also has its own private vaults ‘for your most valuable assets’.

Its security features look like something out a spy film, complete with fingerprint technology, iris recognition and state-of-the-art video surveillance.

Former Czech intelligence chief and security expert Andor Sandor said: ‘The uniqueness of the bunker lies in the fact it combines state-of-the-art security with luxury and comfort.

‘It is the largest known such facility on earth.’

Construction on the secret facility began in 1984, at the height of the Cold War, as a joint venture between the governments of what were then Czechoslovakia and The Soviet Union.

The team behind the massive bunker claim because the construction of the facility occurred at a time of heightened world tension, the enormous level of resources used to develop it would be all but impossible to match today.

They claim in cases of less catastrophic situations, the bunker will allow the inhabitants to survive natural or man-made disasters, or long-term power outages for up to 10 years.

And while some may question whether luxury is needed in a post-apocalyptic world where surely survival is more important than the finer things, Vicino explained why he believes style still matter – even after the nukes have fallen.

‘These shelters are long-term, a year or more,’ he told CNN. ‘It had better be comfortable.’

The Vivos xPoint bunkers are located in South Dakota. They are currently converted to accommodate about 5,000 people

The Vivos xPoint bunkers are located in South Dakota. They are currently converted to accommodate about 5,000 people

And while some may question whether luxury is needed in a post-apocalyptic world where surely survival is more important than the finer things, Vicino explained why he believes style still matter - even after the nukes have fallen. The Vivos xPoint South Dakota bunker once served as an Army Munitions Depot

And while some may question whether luxury is needed in a post-apocalyptic world where surely survival is more important than the finer things, Vicino explained why he believes style still matter – even after the nukes have fallen. The Vivos xPoint South Dakota bunker once served as an Army Munitions Depot

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Super humans who are sexier, stronger and smarter will arrive by 2029 as brains begin to fuse with machines, Google expert claims

  • Ray Kurzweil has made 147 predictions since 1990 and is correct 86% of the time
  • By 2029 our brains fuse with machines – an event known as singularity
  • He says machines will exemplify what we value in humans to a greater degree
  • Machines are already making us smarter and will move inside our brains soon

Technological singularity will turn us into super humans some time in the next 12 years, according to  a Google expert.

This might sound like science fiction, but Google’s Director of Engineering, Ray Kurzweil, has made 147 predictions since the 1990s and has a success rate of 86 per cent.

Kurzweil says when we live in a cybernetic society we will have computers in our brains and machines will be smarter than human beings.

He claims this is already happening with technology – especially with our addiction to our phones – and says the next step is to wire this technology into our brains.

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Technological singularity will turn us into super humans some time in the next 12 years, according to a Google expert. Ray Kurzweil says future cyborg generations will be sexier, smarter and stronger 

Technological singularity will turn us into super humans some time in the next 12 years, according to a Google expert. Ray Kurzweil says future cyborg generations will be sexier, smarter and stronger

WHAT IS SINGULARITY

Technological singularity is the development of ‘superintelligence’ brought about through the use of technology.

The first use of the term ‘singularity’ refer to technological minds was by mathematician John von Neumann in the mid-1950s.

He said: ‘ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue.’

The term was then used by science fiction writer Vernor Vinge who believes brain-computer interfaces are causes of the singularity.

Ray Kurzweil cited von Neumann’s use of the term in a foreword to von Neumann’s classic The Computer and the Brain.

Kurzweil predicts the singularity to occur some time in the next 12 years.

Kurzweil, an author who describes himself as a futurist and works on Google’s machine learning project, predicted that technological singularity would happen by 2029 at the South by Southwest (SXSW) conference in Austin, Texas.

Singularity is when carbon and silicon-based intelligence will merge to form a single global consciousness.

‘By 2029, computers will have human-level intelligence,’ Kurzweil said in the  interview with SXSW.

‘That leads to computers having human intelligence, our putting them inside our brains, connecting them to the cloud, expanding who we are.

‘Today, that’s not just a future scenario,’ Kurzweil said. ‘It’s here, in part, and it’s going to accelerate’, he said.

Kurzweil said that machines are already making us smarter and by connecting these machines to our neocortex they will help people think more smartly.

However, Kurzweil said he wasn’t concerned about the threat that intelligent robots might pose to humanity, according to Futurism.com.

To the contrary – he believes that implanting computers in our brains will improve us.

‘We’re going to get more neocortex, we’re going to be funnier, we’re going to be better at music. We’re going to be sexier’, he said.

‘We’re really going to exemplify all the things that we value in humans to a greater degree.’

Rather than a vision of the future where machines take over humanity, Kurzweil believes we will create a human-machine synthesis which will improve us.

Ray Kurzweil, an author who describes himself as a futurist said that by 2029, computers will have human-level intelligence at the the South by Southwest (SXSW) conference in Austin, Texas (stock image) 

Ray Kurzweil, an author who describes himself as a futurist said that by 2029, computers will have human-level intelligence at the the South by Southwest (SXSW) conference in Austin, Texas (stock image)

MACHINE BRAINS

The process began centuries ago with simple devices such as eyeglasses and ear trumpets that could dramatically improve human lives.

Then came better machines, such as hearing aids; and then machines that could save lives, including pacemakers and dialysis machines.

By the second decade of the 21st Century, we have become used to organs grown in laboratories, genetic surgery and designer babies.

In 2002, medical researchers used enzymes and DNA to build the first molecular computers, and in 2004 improved versions were being injected into people’s veins to fight cancer.

If the trend continues Kurzweil believes carbon and silicon-based intelligence will merge to form a single global consciousness by 2029.

The concept of nanomachines being inserted into the human body has been around in science fiction for decades.

In Star Trek tiny molecular robots called nanites were used to help repair damaged cells in the body.

More than ten years ago, the US National Science Foundation predicted ‘network-enhanced telepathy’ – sending thoughts over the internet – would be practical by the 2020s.

‘Ultimately, it will affect everything,’ Kurzweil said.

‘We’re going to be able to meet the physical needs of all humans. We’re going to expand our minds and exemplify these artistic qualities that we value.’

The process began centuries ago with simple devices such as eyeglasses and ear trumpets that could dramatically improve human lives.

Then came better machines, such as hearing aids; and then machines that could save lives, including pacemakers and dialysis machines.

By the second decade of the 21st Century, we have become used to organs grown in laboratories, genetic surgery and designer babies.

Science fact? Harnessing the power of the mind was a favourite of science fiction, including Star Trek's Vulcan mind meld

Science fact? Harnessing the power of the mind was a favourite of science fiction, including Star Trek’s Vulcan mind meld

In 2002, medical researchers used enzymes and DNA to build the first molecular computers, and in 2004 improved versions were being injected into people’s veins to fight cancer.

The first use of the term ‘singularity’ refer to technological minds was by mathematician John von Neumann in the mid-1950s.

He said: ‘ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue.’

The term was then used by science fiction writer Vernor Vinge who believes brain-computer interfaces are causes of the singularity.

Ray Kurzweil cited von Neumann’s use of the term in a foreword to von Neumann’s classic The Computer and the Brain. 

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SUPER POWERFUL Russian Military Off Road Missile Trucks Documentary

A great documentary on Russian Military trucks A truck (United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, also[1] called a lorry in the United Kingdom and Ireland) is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration, with the smallest being mechanically similar to an automobile. Commercial trucks can be very large and powerful, and may be configured to mount specialized equipment, such as in the case of fire trucks and concrete mixers and suction excavators.

Modern trucks are largely powered by diesel engines exclusively, although small to medium size trucks with gasoline engines exist in the US. In the European Union, vehicles with a gross combination mass of up to 3,500 kilograms (7,716 lb) are known as light commercial vehicles, and those over as large goods vehicles.

History[edit] The oldest truck was built in 1896 by Gottlieb Daimler.[2] The first truck in the United States was built by Autocar in 1899 and was available with optional 5 or 8 horsepower motors.[3]

Terminology[edit] Etymology[edit] The word “truck” might come from a back-formation of “truckle” with the meaning “small wheel”, “pulley”, from Middle English trokell, in turn from Latin trochlea. Another explanation is that it comes from Latin trochus with the meaning of “iron hoop”. In turn, both go back to Greek trokhos (τροχός) meaning “wheel” from trekhein (τρέχειν, “to run”). The first known usage of “truck” was in 1611 when it referred to the small strong wheels on ships’ cannon carriages. In its extended usage it came to refer to carts for carrying heavy loads, a meaning known since 1771. With the meaning of “motor-powered load carrier”, it has been in usage since 1930, shortened from “motor truck”, which dates back to 1916.[4][5]

“Lorry” has a more uncertain origin, but probably has its roots in the rail transport industry, where the word is known to have been used in 1838 to refer to a type of truck (a freight car as in British usage, not a bogie as in the American), specifically a large flat wagon. It probably derives from the verb lurry (to pull, tug) of uncertain origin. With the meaning of “self-propelled vehicle for carrying goods” it has been in usage since 1911.[6][7]

Before that, the word “lorry” was used for a sort of big horse-drawn goods wagon.

International variance
In the United States, Canada, and the Philippines “truck” is usually reserved for commercial vehicles larger than normal cars, and includes pickups and other vehicles having an open load bed. In Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the word “truck” is mostly reserved for larger vehicles; in Australia and New Zealand, a pickup truck is usually called a ute (short for “utility”), while in South Africa it is called a bakkie (Afrikaans: “small open container”). In the United Kingdom, India, Malaysia, Singapore, Ireland and Hong Kong lorry is used instead of truck, but only for the medium and heavy types.

In American English, the word “truck” is often preceded by a word describing the type of vehicle, such as a “tanker truck”. In British English these would be referred to as a “tanker” or “petrol tanker”.

In Australia and New Zealand, the term ute (short for coupé utility) is used to describe a pickup truck with an open cargo carrying space but a front similar to a passenger car, and which requires only a passenger car licence to drive. The concept was developed in 1933 by Lewis Bandt of the Ford Motor Company in Geelong following a request from a Gippsland farmer’s wife for a vehicle that they could go to church in on Sunday without getting wet and also use to take the pigs to market on Monday.[9]

Driving[edit] In many countries, driving a truck requires a special driving license. The requirements and limitations vary with each different jurisdiction.

Australia[edit] In Australia, a truck driver’s license is required for any motor vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) exceeding 4,500 kilograms (9,921 lb). The motor vehicles classes are further expanded as:

LR: Light rigid: a rigid vehicle with a GVM of more than 4,500 kilograms (9,921 lb) but not more than 8,000 kilograms (17,637 lb). Any towed trailer must not weigh more than 9,000 kilograms (19,842 lb) GVM.
MR: Medium rigid: a rigid vehicle with 2 axles and a GVM of more than 8,000 kilograms (17,637 lb). Any towed trailer must not weigh more than 9,000 kilograms (19,842 lb) GVM. Also includes vehicles in class LR.
HR: Heavy Rigid: a rigid vehicle with three or more axles and a GVM of more than 8,000 kilograms (17,637 lb)). Any towed trailer must not weigh more than 9,000 kilograms (19,842 lb)) GVM. Also includes articulated buses and vehicles in class MR.
HC: Heavy Combination, a typical prime mover plus semi-trailer combination.
MC: Multi Combination e.g., B Doubles/road trains.

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How To Take A Super Detox Bath With 2 Salts That Will Change Your Life

I remember when I had a surgery when I was young, my mother had taught me to do salt baths to speed up the wound healing. It may have stung a little initially, but the wound did heal up quickly and beautifully.

I had almost forgotten about salt baths until I was doing a research to help a client with severe skin problems. What would one give to eliminate the agony of never-ending itchiness and pain?

Whoa … I found an exciting salt bath combination: Epsom and Himalayan salts! Sure, each of these on its own is miraculous in its own right. Putting the two of them together in one bath soak just makes it a super duper detox bath! And the best part is, they are safe, inexpensive, effective, soothing and healing!

EPSOM SALT

Epsom salt is not actually salt. It is a mineral compound found in water containing high levels of magnesium and sulfate. It looks like large salt crystals, which is probably why it is called a “salt”. It was first distilled in the town of Epsom in Surrey, England, thus was named after that town.

epsom-salt

There are different grades of Epsom salt—for agricultural, personal care and food grade. Just be aware of this when you buy your Epsom salt.

You have probably heard that your skin is the largest detoxification organ. When doing an Epsom salt bath, the two minerals—magnesium and sulfate—work together to draw harmful toxins out of the body (much like how a magnet works) through the skin. Then these minerals are also absorbed into the skin to improve the body’s magnesium and sulfate levels.

While the two key minerals are poorly absorbed through your diet, studies show an increase in magnesium level from soaking in a bath that is enriched with Epsom salt, without any adverse effects!

Magnesium is a key cofactor in more than 300 enzyme-driven biochemical reactions, and a key mineral in hundreds of functions in the body. And because many people are deficient in this mineral, you can imagine when their bodies are suddenly gifted with the much-needed mineral, how it can help to reverse many ailments.

Read here about how you can become deficient in magnesium, and why excess calcium can cause inflammation that can be effectively reversed with magnesium.

HIMALAYAN SALT

Himalayan salt is one of the purest, uncontaminated salt that is as old as the earth. Use the Himalayan bath salt for this purpose as it will cost a little less than the salt use for cooking. If your salts are chunky, you may have to let them sit overnight in a vessel with water so that it gets fully dissolved when you’re ready to take your bath.

himalayan-bath-salt

 

Like the other natural salts, there are at least 84 naturally-occuring minerals in Himalayan salt that our body needs. I love how the pinkish hue adds a nice color to the water. Adding this unprocessed salt to your bath is like soaking in an ocean of energy.

When soaking in warm water with this salt, the minerals and salts that are released into the water may be absorbed through your skin. This is like soaking in a mineral spring and absorbing all of its healing powers due to the combination of the water temperature and its rich, natural minerals.

WHY TAKE A SALT BATH

Both Epsom and Himalayan salts provide almost all the same benefits when taken in a salt bath, except that their mineral contents are different.

There may be many more health benefits of soaking in a salt bath, but basically you can expect any of these that are commonly reported:

Helps your body draw out toxins through the skin

Gets absorbed readily into your skin to cleanse, purify and nourish with the 84 minerals, leaving you refreshed and nourished

Reduces the acidity and rebalances the pH levels in your body

Its antiseptic qualities treat skin conditions such as dry skin, psoriasis, eczema, acne and rashes

Accelerates healing of small cuts, bruising, swelling, strained or torn muscles and ligaments

Soothes insect bites and sunburn

Provides relief for arthritic joint pains and muscle cramps

Relieves premenstruation symptoms—cramps, bloating, migraines

Reduces stress, relaxes muscles and promotes a better night’s sleep

Increases blood circulation, reduces limb numbness

Improves respiratory health

HOW TO TAKE A SUPER DETOX SALT BATH

You will commonly see directions suggesting 2 cups to a normal size bath, more for an oversized bath, with a 12-15 minute soak. Dr David Jockers—leading writer for “The Truth About Cancer”—suggests a much more individualized measurement and a longer soak. He recommends that the amount be determined by the individual’s weight.

woman-soaking-in-water

The following is for a standard size bathtub that could probably hold about 25-30 gallons of water.

Measurement for Epsom salt:

Children under 60 lbs: ½ cup

Individuals between 60-100 lbs: 1 cup

Individuals between 100-150 lbs: 1½ cups

Individuals between 150-200 lbs: 2 cups

For every 50 lb more—add an additional ½ cup of salts

You can take this salt bath with only Epsom salt, or you can add Himalayan salt as well. If you’re doing this for the first time with no other detox experience, then I suggest you start with only Epsom salt and add Himalayan salt the next time if you think you can handle it.

If desired, add ½ cup of Himalayan bath salt to the amount of Epsom salt according to your body weight as stated above, into the prepared water.

Important To Note:

Here’s what you need to do, and take note before you start your super detox salt bath:

Do not take this bath if you are pregnant, have open wounds or burns, or have cardiovascular disease (unless under your healthcare practitioner’s supervision). If you are on long-term medication, check with your doctor before performing any kind of detox.

  • Allow about an hour of quiet (no-kids’ time) to enjoy this whole process of super detox salt bath.
  • Thoroughly clean and rinse out the bathtub to ensure there are no dirt or mold in and around it.
  • Fill it up with warm water that is approximately 37o Celcius (or 97o Fahrenheit) so as to avoid using your body energy to balance out the temperature. This temperature is warm enough to dissolve both the salts. A thermometer may be helpful to help you achieve the right temperature. Hot water is not recommended especially if you have high blood pressure.
  • Do not use any bath additives like soaps, shampoos, or any oils. If you need to do a shampoo bath, do that before. After this salt bath soak, do not rinse, simply towel dry.
  • Have a light and healthy meal before doing this detox bath so that you don’t get dizzy at the end, from low sugar or empty stomach.
  • Stay hydrated. Make sure you drink plenty of water before and after the bath for the entire day. Also take a bottle of water with you to drink during the soak. You may put on some music to help you relax and enjoy the soak.
  • Soak for at least 40 minutes for maximum benefit of the detox taking place and your body absorbing the minerals from the salts.
  • This is a detox bath. Take precaution when coming out of the bath. You may feel dizzy due to all the detoxification activities going on in your body. Drain the water and get out slowly. Hold on to the safety bar to ensure you don’t fall while getting up.

Depending on your health, after the salt bath, you may notice that the water change into a milky color due to the toxins being drawn out from your body. For some, the water may even be a brownish tint especially if they are smokers, or are regularly exposed to industrial toxins.

How often can you take this salt bath? I would say once to three times a week the most, if you really enjoy it.

Source:

juicing-for-health.com

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Smokers And Ex Smokers -This Super Juice Will Clean Your Lungs

(N.Morgan) Statistics provided by the CDC reports that smoking leads to disease and disability and harms nearly every organ of the body.

More than 16 million Americans are living with a disease caused by smoking.

For every person who dies because of smoking, at least 30 people live with a serious smoking-related illness.

Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis.

Smoking is a known cause of erectile dysfunction in males.

The CDC also states the smoking is the leading cause of preventable death.

To have the ability to cleanse the lungs and remove toxins is a good way to fight these diseases and more, for smokers and non-smokers alike.

This super juice is composed of just 3 simple items you probably already have in your pantry.

Ginger

Ginger is an ancient spice that was has been used since ancient times because of its healing properties.

Along with its other known health benefits, Ginger helps to eliminate the excess mucus of the lungs.

Onion

Onion and garlic both possess anti-cancer properties which are a great ally in numerous malignant conditions.

It is especially beneficial in the prevention of various respiratory diseases.

Turmeric

Turmeric or Indian saffron is full of vitamins and minerals, and contains super-healthy omega 3 fatty acids.

It has antiviral, antibacterial and anticancer properties, so be sure to enrich the daily diet with this spice.

Ingredients to make this super elixir:

400 grams of onion
1 liter of water
400 grams of sugar (if you want a healthier version, use honey or maple syrup)
2 tablespoons turmeric
Thumb-sized ginger root

Directions

1. Pour the sugar in the water, put on the fire and let it boil.

2. Slice the onion into quarters and slice the ginger root before adding both to the water. When the mixture boils again, add the turmeric, and lower the heat.

3. Let the mixture boil until the amount of water is reduced by half. Then strain and pour the liquid into a glass jar. When completely cooled, put it in the fridge, and keep it there all the time.

4. Take two tablespoons of elixir in the morning on an empty stomach, and two hours after the evening meal.

“To purify the lungs do not need a miracle, but the miraculous healing properties of the beverage made of three plants: ginger, onion and turmeric” 

 

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