Tag Archives: tank

Abrams Tank Upgrade Exemplifies Acquisition Nightmare as Pentagon Budget Soars

Troops from the Army’s 1st Infantry Division lean on an M1A1 Abrams main battle tank as a convoy passes in the background at an assembly point in afternoon on Sunday, Jan. 21, 1991 in Saudi Arabia. Troops from the 1st Infantry Division have taken up positions close to the border with Kuwait

Not even two weeks after the Pentagon awarded General Dynamics Land Systems a $311 million contract to build seven M1A2 Abrams “system enhancement package” variant 4 (SEPv4) prototypes, the US Army revealed it hasn’t even accepted delivery for prototypes of earlier SEPv3 Abrams tanks.

According to Scout Warrior, the US Army will only receive its first lot of SEPv3 tanks this month, and the service is only slated to receive six units. The Army maintains roughly 1,500 Abrams M1A2 tanks.

The bureaucracy and acquisition confusion is dizzying, but the American taxpayers will inevitably foot the bill anyway. Despite not receiving the new SEPv3 tanks, the Pentagon threw $270 million at General Dynamics Land Systems on September 5 to deliver 45 more. In other words, before accepting the first prototype of the SEPv3, the Pentagon proved it didn’t really care how the prototype turned out and bought more upgrade packages anyway.

To boot, the US is plugging ahead with hundreds of millions of dollars for the “SEPv4” tanks — when, to reiterate, the very first SEPv3 units have not been delivered.

While many Washington insiders bashed US President Donald Trump’s proposed $600 billion Department of Defense budget, the US Senate one-upped him this week and passed a $700 billion Pentagon budget on Monday.

A poll conducted by the Center for Public Integrity in March found a majority of Americans support cutting DoD’s budget by $41 billion. Instead, Congress gave Trump his “historic” $50 billion spending bump, and then increased it another $100 billion — last year’s budget constrained DoD spending at $549 billion.

“Republicans stopped caring about deficits long ago,” Tea Party conservative Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) said September 16. The GOP dominates both chambers of the legislature as well as the presidency, but the new spending wasn’t supported on party lines.

An overwhelming majority of Senate Democrats voted in favor of the new spending on Monday, while 60 percent of House Democrats joined Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI) in voting for a $696.5 billion defense budget in July.

The only senators to join Paul in voting against the bill, officially referred to as the 2018 National Defense Authorization Act, were Sens. Kristen Gillibrand (D-NY), Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Ron Wyden (D-OR), Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Mike Lee (R-UT) and Bob Corker (R-TN).

Despite Trump’s sacrosanct vow to “Buy American,” an amendment requiring the Pentagon to do just that was scrapped from the final bill, CNBC reports.

The experts who crafted the 2018 NDAA appropriated over $1 billion for more SEPv3 Abrams units. The reason this is such a nightmare is quite simple: there might be flaws and errors in the SEPv3 rollout that make the units unfit for combat or in need of further modifications. But the military can’t find out until those units are delivered — which, again, has not happened.

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Chinese Full-Size Tank Model made of Cartridge Cases

A group of Chinese military armament enthusiast made a full-size (1:1 scale) Chinese Type 99 tank model using cartridge cases of different sizes and types. They used almost 50,000 cases (48,356 to be precise) and made this fascinating replica. Once the job was done, they weighed the final model and it turned out to weigh 6.5 tons! The builders gifted this “shell-tank” to a museum located in Shenyang City, China.

Looks like they used all common military caliber cases – from small arms ones all the way to artillery shell cases and everything in-between.
The cases are cut and otherwise modified depending on the area they are used in to make the “tank”. Pretty impressive attention to details and lines. This must have been quite a time consuming and labor intensive process to build it.
The funny picture below probably shows the transportation process of this model tank.
Making models of Type 99 tanks seems to be a popular hobby in China. A year ago, a Chinese man made a replica of that tank from all kind of metal pieces he found in a junkyard. The result was a 20-ton replica exactly identical in dimensions with the original tank. By the way, it was also capable of moving at about 10 mph powered by a 2-liter diesel engine.
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Saltwater Powered Car Runs 1,000 km on a Full Tank

The automobile industry has been looking for alternative power sources for decades as fossil fuels won’t last forever. Several countries are trying new fuels and technologies such as hydrogen cars, electric cars, organic ethanol based cars, solar cars and what not. Some car manufacturers have even found interim solutions like hybrid vehicles.

Today, we are going to talk about a new solution proposed by a German company, a solution that can help cars run on saltwater.

Yes you heard that right.

Saltwater Powered Cars – A New Development

While other technologies are gaining traction in some countries, a German company, NanoFlowcell, seems to have found the magic solution to the problem. They have developed cars which only need saltwater and can travel 2-3 times more than fossil fuel powered cars.

How Do Saltwater Cars Work?

Saltwater cars work very similar to Hydrogen powered cars. NanoFlowcell have come up with a way to utilize Hydrogen in cars without using high pressure systems. Their cars use saltwater. The saltwater is used to generate electricity and run the cars.

If you want to go a bit more technical, the cars have two tanks which are filled with dissolved metallic salts. These dissolved salts have opposite ionic charges which are then pumped through a membrane.

The chemical reaction which unites both molecular structures produces energy which is used to power the four electric motors, each of which powers one of the wheels, by utilizing the built-in super capacitors.

What Sort of Cars Have They Made?

NanoFlowcell have developed three cars so far. The first one was a sports car followed by one consumer grade and a prototype.

Of course, most of us would be interested in the consumer which is also the most interesting among all models. And the best part? These cars have been approved for testing in Europe for quite some time now.

Consumer Grade: Quantino

The company says the consumer grade model Quantino will be an affordable car. It boasts an 80kW electric motor (108 horsepower) which can send the car from 0 to 100 km/h in just five seconds.

Of course, it is not a racing car, but by utilizing the built-in batteries the car can increase its acceleration. The electric engine is capable of topping 200km/h while still working virtually silently.

Quantino is also the world’s first low voltage car which uses a mere 48-Volt drive.

The most interesting point about the Quantino is its mileage. It can achieve well more than 1,000 Km on a single tank. In a recent endurance test, the car was used to set a new world record where it managed to last for 14 hours and 3 minutes before the driver gave in due to exhaustion.

The two 159 litre tanks were still at 78 percent of their initial value when the driver stopped. The car traveled at an average speed of 74.8 Km/h during the endurance test.

Sports: Quant FE


Quant FE utilises a 801kW electric motor (1,090 horsepower) reaching speeds of up to 300Km/h. The car boasts a 0 to 100 acceleration speed on only 2.8 seconds and an all-wheel drive.

Despite its racing horse nature, its two 250 litre tanks can manage an 800 km trip on a single fill.

The car weighs over 2,000 kgs but can still keep up with the McLaren P1 in terms of acceleration.

Prototype: Quant E SportLimosine


Quant E Sportlimosine was the first prototype car which was showcased in 2014. It comes with a sports design and performance which is very similar to the Quant FE. Despite being a prototype model, the car is street legal and has been certified by the German Transport department.

The Quant E can travel up to 600 kilometers on a single tank, given its lesser tank capacity. It was the original car which became the basis for the Quant FE sports saloon and the Quantino mid-size car.

The all-wheel drive car comes with a 680kW (925 horsepower) electric motor. It has an amazing top speed of 380Km/h and the same acceleration as the Quant FE.

Why Haven’t Other Secure Hydrogen Systems Come to Market?

Other companies did develop some astoundingly cheap technologies to make use of Hydrogen in cars and other associated industries. But due to some unfortunate incidents none of them managed to go mainstream.

Previously, Japanese Genepax developed a way to turn water to Hydrogen but the company went bankrupt after releasing their first car. They still hold the patent to the technology which can split Hydrogen from water through a chemical reaction and produce oxygen as a by-product.

Stanely Allen Meyer also found a way to use hydrogen and oxygen to run cars and was allegedly poisoned in 1998 right after he met with some investors. According to his brother, he said “They poisoned me” before he collapsed after the meeting.

How Soon Can We Expect Saltwater Cars?

NanoFlowcell has manufactured multiple cars and do plan to produce a small batch of cars for the European market. The company has hinted that instead of producing cars, they will license the technology to current manufacturers and assist in the roll out of saltwater filling stations in all markets.

We can expect the technology to be incorporated in cars within the next few years if car manufacturers and NanoFlowcell strike a licensing deal. The technology is really promising and could well prove to be the future of the automobile industry. Given that how it uses saltwater, the best technology also seems environmentally friendly as well.


The unique combination of nanoFlowcell® and bi-ION electrolytes is superior to any available battery technology.

Leveraging the technological properties of nanofluids and flow batteries, we developed a groundbreaking new energy storage. On-par with modern lithium-ion accumulators in energy density, but safer, environmentally compatible and more convenient.

nanoFlowcell® stores electrochemical energy and release it as electricity. Benefits of this technology are its thermal safety, low cost, high efficiency and great flexibility.

At last, with nanoFlowcell®, mobile electrical power becomes available in an environmentally sustainable, resource-efficient and non-hazardous manner for the first time, providing new perspectives to electro mobility – on land, at sea and in the air.

[ZurichTimes] Good ideas like this one have a history of coming and being repressed by the big players, but perhaps this time with the leverage enjoined by Tesla and now the Apple Car things will change and innovative and game changing fuel mileage cars will finally be allowed to enter the market and disrupt the Petro Dollar System and give it some necessary competition.

Saltwater as a Battery Electrolyte

Another explanation of Salt Water Batteries


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