Before people jump into a debate about the weather with veteran Swiss meteorologist Jörg Kachelmann, they’d first better make sure that they really paid close attention at school and did their science homework.
In a debate on Twitter, the high-profile, seasoned meteorologist inadvertently exposed that some of Germany’s top climate officials had a shocking lack of comprehension of fundamental physics, among them renewable-energy expert Prof Volker Quaschning.
High temperatures do not cause droughts
The Twitter exchange was unleashed by Kachelmann blasting the recent junk-science-driven media hype over another year of potential drought over Central Europe, and especially the false claim made by Prof. Quaschning that higher temperatures lead to more drought and forest fires.
Kachelmann called this claim: false and “complete nonsense.” Kachelmann recently explained in a t-online article he penned:
Heat does not cause forest fires and is completely irrelevant. Forest fires are caused by the fact that it is dry longer, and then some fools – intentionally or not – throw something burning into the area, or park a very hot car over dry high grass and then drive away. The temperature on the day of the outbreak of forest fires does not matter.”
It’s the moisture, stupid
In other words, Kachelmann dumps cold water on Quaschning’s claim that higher temperature is the factor behind drought and thus forest fires and Biblical-scale misery of the sort prophesized by Green fanatics.
Kachelmann explains that temperature has nothing to do with the risk level of fire and that the factor behind it is air moisture.
Shockingly, this fundamental physics law seemed to be unknown to “top scientists” such as Quaschning and others.
The Fridays For Future activist and “renewable energy expert” Prof. Volker Quaschning kept insisting that temperature determined how dry soil would become, tweeting to Kachelmann: “Physics: More heat = more evaporation = drier ground = high forest fire risk = more forest fires.” To shore this up he dragged Stefan Rahmstorf into his side.
Confused about water vapor
Next, scientist Stefanie here tweeted a chart showing how much water a kg of air could hold versus temperature with the aim of showing Kachelmann he was wrong and that it was all about temperature:
Water vapor in grams per kilogram of air versus air temperature. Source here.
But this backfired on Stefanie when Kachelmann correctly demonstrated she did not understand the chart at all and that she had no idea what she was talking about.
That these climate experts would not know that water vapor in the air is the driving factor behind drought makes one wonder what faulty physics may have gotten applied to the climate models.
Throughout the entire thread, there were attempts by the climate “experts” to assert their “academic authority”.
Other readers noted, for example, that despite extremely high temperatures in jungles, raging forest fires don’t break out in them. It’s not because of the temperature, but because of the moisture.
Climate alarmism becoming a sect
If any trend is emerging, it is that Kachelmann, a believer in man-made warming, is tiring of the fanaticism on both sides. He recently tweeted:
But unfortunately you can only stay in the sect if you join in the chattering of all the nonsense and depart from the grounds of science because of the purpose of saving the world allows all nonsense.
Green and browns are outbidding each other in terms of lack of seriousness. It is getting very wretched.”
Scientists have found a novel way to turn daily plastic waste products like water bottles and plastic bags into jet fuel.
Researchers at Washington State University in the US melted plastic waste at high temperature with activated carbon, a processed carbon with increased surface area, to produce jet fuel.
“Waste plastic is a huge problem worldwide. This is a very good, and relatively simple, way to recycle these plastics,” said Hanwu Lei, an associate professor at WSU.
The research, published in the journal Applied Energy, tested low-density polyethene and mixed a variety of waste plastic products, like water bottles, milk bottles, and plastic bags, and ground them down to around three millimetres, or about the size of a grain of rice. The plastic granules were then placed on top of activated carbon in a tube reactor at a high temperature, ranging from 430 degree Celsius to 571 degrees Celsius.
Jet fuel and diesel can now be made from plastic bags, water bottles & daily waste
The carbon is a catalyst or a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being consumed by the reaction. Advertisement
“Plastic is hard to break down. You have to add a catalyst to help break the chemical bond. There is a lot of hydrogen in plastics, which is a key component in fuel,” Lei said.
Once the carbon catalyst has done its work, it can be separated out and re-used on the next batch of waste plastic conversion. The catalyst can also be regenerated after losing its activity.
After testing several different catalysts at different temperatures, the best result they had produced a mixture of 85 percent jet fuel and 15 percent diesel fuel.
“We can recover almost 100 per cent of the energy from the plastic we tested,” Lei said.
“The fuel is very good quality, and the byproduct gasses produced are high quality and useful as well,” he said.
He also said the method for this is easily scalable. It could work at a large facility or even on farms, where farmers could turn plastic waste into diesel.
It looks like 2019 c upould be the worst year for U.S. agriculture in modern American history by a very wide margin. As you will see below, millions upon millions of acres of U.S. farmland will go unused this year due to cataclysmic flooding. And many of the farmers that did manage to plant crops are reporting extremely disappointing results.
The 12 month period that concluded at the end of April was the wettest 12 month period in U.S. history, and more storms just kept on coming throughout the month of May. And now forecasters are warning of another series of storms this week, and following that it looks like a tropical storm will pummel the region. As Bloomberg has pointed out, we have truly never seen a year like this ever before…
There has never been a spring planting season like this one. Rivers topped their banks. Levees were breached. Fields filled with water and mud. And it kept raining.
Many farmers just kept waiting for the flooding and the rain to end so that they could plant their crops, but that didn’t happen.
At this point it is too late for many farmers to plant crops at all, and it is now being projected that 6 million acres of farmland that is usually used for corn will go completely unsown this year…
There has never been weather like this, either. The 12 months that ended with April were the wettest ever for the contiguous U.S. That spurred other firsts: Corn plantings are further behind schedule for this time of year than they have been in records dating to 1980 and analysts are predicting an unheard-of 6 million acres intended for the grain may simply go unsown this year.
And we could actually see even more soybean acres go unplanted, because the latest crop progress report shows that soybean planting is even further behind…
The Crop Progress indicated just 67% of corn was planted in 18 key corn-producing states. The 2014-18 average for corn planted by June 2nd is 96%, so planting is off 30.2% in comparison.
Corn planting has been at an all-time low percentage for the last three reports and remains behind schedule in 17 of the 18 states monitored.
Soybean planting is behind in 16 of the 18 key soybean-producing states, according to the report. So far, just 39% of soybean planting has taken place, compared to the five-year average of 79% by June 2nd, meaning soybean planting is off 50.6%.
In the end, we could easily see more than 10 million acres of U.S. farmland go completely unused this year.
And please don’t assume that the acres that have been planted are going to be okay. In Nebraska, farmer Ed Brummels said that conditions are so bad that it is “like we are trying to plant on top of a lake!”…
It’s like we are trying to plant on top of a lake! Planting will be over soon as farmers continue to be frustrated with these very saturated conditions.
When you plant fields that are absolutely saturated with water, the results can be extremely disappointing, and that is what we are hearing all over the nation.
Here is just one example…
In Keota, Iowa, Lindsay Greiner sowed his 700 acres of corn toward the end of April — and then wasn’t able to get into his soaked fields for five weeks. He’s expecting much lower yields this year than last.
The crop right now is yellow. “It should be green,” he said. “It looks so bad.”
Farmers in the middle of the country desperately need things to dry out for an extended period of time.
But that is not going to happen any time soon.
In fact, meteorologists are telling us that more storms are going to hammer the middle of the country over the next few days…
The situation does not look to improve for farmers in the U.S. Corn Belt. AccuWeather is predicting the pattern of rounds of showers and thunderstorms to continue, with storms over part of the flood-stricken areas into midweek. Also, the southern half of the Corn Belt is in the path of downpours expected later this week.
“If you’re along the Ohio River and you don’t have your corn planted by Wednesday, you may not plant anything additional because you may get three inches of rain between Thursday and Saturday,” said AccuWeather senior meteorologist Jason Nicholls.
Sadly, some areas could see “up to 5 inches of rain”, and needless to say that could be absolutely devastating for many farmers.
And then after that, a weather system that could soon be named “Tropical Storm Barry” is likely to move into the region…
To make matters worse, rain from a developing tropical storm in the Gulf of Mexico could bring additional rainfall to the region: “Tropical moisture from the western Gulf of Mexico may begin impacting parts of south Texas on Tuesday,” the National Weather Service said.
The weather system, which would be named Tropical Storm Barry if its winds reach 39 mph, is now sitting in the Gulf just east of Mexico.
2019 is turning out to be a “perfect storm” for U.S. farmers, and many of them will never recover from this.
Meanwhile, flooding continues to intensify along the major rivers in the middle of the country. According to Missouri Governor Mike Parson, almost 400 roads have now been closed in his state…
Missouri Gov. Mike Parson was touring flooded areas Monday in the northeast part of the state, where there have been around a dozen water rescues. Statewide, nearly 400 roads are closed, including part of U.S. 136.
Locks and dams upstream of St. Louis are shut down as the Mississippi River crests at the second-highest level on record in some communities. Midwestern rivers have flooded periodically since March, causing billions of dollars of damage to farmland, homes and businesses from Oklahoma and Arkansas and up to Michigan.
This flooding has been going on for months, and there is no end in sight.
In recent days, multiple levees in the state of Missouri have been breached, and a number of small towns are now totally under water…
The small town of Levasy in northwest Missouri’s Jackson County was under water Saturday after a levee breach along the Missouri River. Officials there were conducting water rescues by boat, according to the Associated Press, but no injuries were reported.
In Howard County in central Missouri, the river topped a levee prompting evacuations in Franklin, New Franklin and a stretch along Highway 5 from the Boonville Bridge to New Franklin, AP reported. The zone essentially covers all of the Missouri River bottom from Petersburg to Rocheport.
In West Alton and Alton, where the Missouri and Mississippi rivers meet, floodwaters are expected to rise another 3 feet by Wednesday, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported. Some buildings in Alton are already surrounded by water, and the flood plain in West Alton is covered.
This is a nightmare that never seems to end, but many Americans living on both coasts don’t seem to be taking this disaster very seriously.
But they should be taking it seriously because if farmers don’t grow our food, we don’t eat.
The food that we are eating right now is from past production. The crops that are being grown now represent food that we will be eating in the future, and right now it looks like a whole lot less food will be produced than we expected.
That means that food prices will start going up, and they will probably keep going up for the foreseeable future.
We are moving into extremely uncertain times, but most Americans don’t seem to understand this yet.
For a very long time we have been able to take stability for granted, but now everything is starting to change. Those that are wise will be able to adapt to the changing conditions, but unfortunately it appears that most Americans believe that there is simply nothing to be concerned about
Food and water are essential for your survival when SHTF. You can start a garden in your backyard and stockpile food in your pantry, but knowing how to find and purify water ensures that you have access to clean drinking water when disaster strikes. (h/t to UrbanSurvivalSite.com)
You also need water for your garden, doing the laundry, and dishwashing. Take the time to learn about these 10 different ways to purify water in both indoor and outdoor scenarios to avoid water shortages at home or in your bug-out location.
If you can’t boil water, use household bleach. You should use regular, unscented chlorine bleach products for disinfection and sanitization. Bleach labels may note that the product’s active ingredient contains at least six to 8.25 percent of sodium hypochlorite.
Never use color safe, scented, or bleaches with added cleaners. If water is cloudy, let it settle then filter it through a clean cloth, a coffee filter, or a paper towel.
When purifying water using bleach, add about eight to 16 drops of bleach per gallon of water. Adjust the amount of bleach depending on how cloudy the water is, then let the treated water sit for about half an hour.
Bleach will only eliminate living contaminants. Since bleach only has a shelf-life of about six months, it won’t be as effective at purifying water past its expiration date.
Boiling is one of the oldest methods of purifying water. Boiling water effectively eliminates all living contaminants – bacteria, parasites, protozoans, and viruses – within minutes. However, boiling doesn’t remove contaminants like chemicals and toxins from the water.
Water from a pristine mountain stream can be boiled before consumption, but water from a lake or river that collects runoff from cities will require a chemical water filter. Chemicals must be removed from water before boiling, otherwise, the chemicals will only become concentrated after the water is boiled.
Boiling is a sustainable water filtration method. With a source of heat and a fireproof vessel, you can easily boil water.
Iodine can also be added to water to make it safe to drink and to get rid of living contaminants. You’ll need twice as much iodine to purify water compared to bleach. Iodine is also more expensive.
Iodine does offer one advantage: Mineral-based iodine has an infinite shelf life. Stockpile iodine so you can purify drinking water when SHTF. Check guides to determine how to safely purify water using an iodine tincture.
Water purification tablets are another important addition to your survival stockpile. These tablets were designed to purify water, and they’re easy to find and relatively affordable.
Purification tablets contain ingredients like chlorine dioxide, sodium dichloroisocyanurate, and tetraglycine hydroperiodide. Some water purification tablets also contain iodine.
Using the right supplies, you can create a sand filter. Even though sand filtration can’t eliminate microbes, it can filter murky water to produce something safe to drink.
Distilling water can get rid of heavier substances like minerals and salt. This method is ideal for purifying salt water.
With a solar still, you can distill water. Distillation won’t get rid of contaminants like microbes so this method should be followed with boiling.
High-quality survival straws are a convenient and effective method of purifying water. These straws are made of a very fine filter contained in a sturdy straw-like casing.
When you sip water through the straw, the liquid is passed through the filter and purified before it reaches your mouth.
Water bottle filters
Water bottle filters and survival straws have similar filtration systems built into the drinking receptacle. But unlike the survival straw, water bottle filters already come with a container for your drinking water.
One of the most effective ways to purify water is to make use of a high-quality water filter. Water filters are available in different designs and sizes, so choose one based on your family’s needs. (Related: How to make your own homemade water filter.)
A xylem filter is simply and effectively designed, which makes it one of the most viable water purification methods for preppers in third-world countries.
To make a xylem filter, you need a piece of clean, flexible tubing, a chunk of pine (or other conifer wood), and a bit of glue. Peel the bark from the wood, then attach the piece of wood into the end of the tubing with glue stuck on it. This lets water pass through the tube, and the liquid is filtered through the wood.
A xylem filter can remove at least 99.9 percent of contaminants. This method does have one downside: It takes a long time to filter water this way.
Keep your survival stockpile full of foods with a long shelf life and learn about these water filtration methods to prevent dehydration when SHTF.
Life hacks aren’t just for everyday use. The prepping hacks below can be incredibly useful, and some of them can even help you save money in a post-SHTF world. (h/t to TheOrganicPrepper.com) Carry packets of white sugar.
Keep sugar packets, such as those in fast food restaurants, in your everyday carry kits (EDC kits). If you get injured, pour white sugar onto the wound to keep it clean and promote faster healing.
This unusual treatment works because sugar draws water out of the wound, which starves bacteria and stops its growth and proliferation. Fill your canning jars.
Don’t store empty Mason jars on your shelves. Jars take up the same amount of space whether they’re full or empty, and you might as well use them for storage while you don’t need them for canning. (Related: Old-school life hacks that are still relevant today.) Get some vitamin D every day (even in winter).
Sunlight synthesizes vitamin D in the body, and the vitamin helps strengthen bones and teeth. This can keep your strength up even after disaster strikes. Keep your skin moisturized.
This tip isn’t just about looking nice when disaster strikes. Your skin is a barrier that prevents infection and keeping it supple prevents cracking, which can make you susceptible to infectious diseases. Keep an eye out for carbon monoxide.
Make sure your house is properly ventilated when burning fossil fuels during a power outage, especially in winter. Having adequate ventilation and installing carbon monoxide (CO) detectors will prevent CO poisoning.
Keep your freezer cool (even if the power runs out) with water bottles.
Fill empty drinking water bottles with water then freeze them. You can also use the frozen bottles as coolers in packed lunches and picnic baskets. Learn how to make petroleum jelly firestarter balls.
To make these DIY firestarters, dip cotton balls in petroleum jelly.
Petroleum jelly firestarter balls burn hotter and longer than typical paper. Store the cotton balls in airtight plastic pill bottles to keep the moisture in. Learn how to use your hunting knife.
Don’t let your hunting knife go to waste in your bug-out bag (BOB). Practice using your hunting knife in the kitchen to prepare food.
Learning how to use your prepping tools before a survival scenario can prevent serious injuries. Make sure everyone finishes their household chores.
Give family members their own chores. If you have small children, make sure they at least know how to put away their toys. Doing chores for about 30 minutes every day will save you some time, compared to tidying up only once a week. Practice portion control.
Practice portion control to prepare everyone for smaller meals should you need to stretch out your food supplies. Use smaller plates and tell your family to ask for seconds if they’re still hungry. Prepare BOBs for the whole family.
Don’t wait until it’s too late to prepare BOBs. Make sure it’s packed with enough gear, supplies, and clothing to help each family member survive for about 72 hours if you need to evacuate. Prepare a BOB for your pet, too. Prepare for cold weather.
When winter rolls around, your neighborhood could lose power. Keep flashlights and extra batteries in various rooms in your house, and let everyone know where they’re stored.
Stock up on extra blankets and warm clothing so the whole family can stay warm when SHTF. Recycle eggshells.
If you have slugs in your garden, crumble eggshells around plants to keep the slugs away. The eggshells will hurt the soft undersides of pesky slugs.
Alternatively, you can grind eggshells to make a fine calcium supplement that you can feed chickens. Recycle old bed sheets.
Old bed sheets can be turned into different things, such as:
Sleeping bag liners
Recycle old bicycle tubes.
If you have old bicycle tires, save the inner tubes to make a recycled tourniquet. Wash it thoroughly before using.
Store bits of bicycle tubes in your firestarting kit. The material burns even when wet, making it the perfect firestarter. Stay warm in “a room within a room” during winter power outages.
Set up a cheap pop-up tent in your apartment to stay warm during winter. The tent will be several degrees warmer inside compared to the room around it.
This is also ideal for houses without secondary heating. Turn plastic bottles into plant waterers.
Get a large water bottle, then make two small slits in the cap. Fill the bottle with water, then place the bottle cap down in a hole between plants.
These DIY plant waterers will help plant roots stay moist. Use Mylar or “space” blankets properly.
If someone is cold, don’t just give them a Mylar blanket. The silver surface prevents heat from reaching their body. To keep them warm, sit next to them then wrap the foil around both of you to retain body heat. Wash your hands thoroughly.
Something as simple as proper hand washing will prevent infections in a post-SHTF world. Teach younger children the importance of hand washing.
If you run out of water, keep your hands clean with sanitary wipes or hand sanitizer. Write your own reference book.
Get a folder and some dividers, then make a reference book for your neighborhood. Use this file to track useful information about your area. Include a map and think of safe shortcuts that the family can use if you need to bug out.
Find new uses for recycled items around your home and remember these prepper hacks to make things easier when SHTF.
The California Department of Water Resources is maintaining that the Oroville Dam spillway is fine. This is a lie! They are working 24/7 on the dam. Hundreds are witnessing the deception. The Prado Dam, also in crisis is being managed by the Army Corps of Engineers. Why is the Oroville Dam under the control of the Federal government? Is Oroville SUPPOSED to fail and it is easier to pull of the deception if the very corrupt California state government remains in charge?
Paul Preston has previously related to me that the California State Government has a financial motivation to see the dam fail based on the following:
The State of California is broke and the state is quickly reaching a state of insolvency.
If the Oroville Dam fails, the state will instantly quality for over a billion dollars in federal disaster aid.
The state has motive to see the dam fail.
There are are a number of scenarios with regard to inundation when the dam fails. Use your search engine to locate.The devastation is massive. I will be focusing on this variable in the next installment of this analysis.
The following video describes how the surrounding lakes are filled to capacity and the excess water has nowhere to do. This analysis is followed by the latest data which clearly shows the inflow rate is triple that of the outflow rate of water. The dam is six feet of water away from overtopping and collapsing. These numbers are worsening exponentially. Only 24 hours earlier, the rate of inflow vs outflow showed a 40% differential. This morning, less that two hours ago, the differential is now increased to a factor of three. Crisis is at hand.
The Data Does Not Lie
Below is the latest data as released by the California Department of Water Resources. Please note that as of 7AM Pacific, this morning (5/28), the inflow of water into the dam has tripled outflow. I am receiving information that the previously reported opening of the gates is not working as well as it did. Remember, I stated that this was a temporary, stop-gap measure that has run its course. Inflow is triple the rate of outflow. Also, please note that the dam is 900 feet and the present height of the water in the dam is 894. Last week, the dam was 12 feet from overtopping. And when this earthen dam overtops, it will break.
Please note the rate of inflow vs outflow is greatly increasing with regard to the same time only 24 hours earlier. This is because the mitigation strategy of using opening the gates is no longer effective. In addition, there is rain forecast and the peak of the snow run-off has not been reached.
Oroville (900 Feet) Hourly Data
DATE / TIME PDT
RES ELE FEET
RIV REL CFS
BAT VOL VOLTS
In a future article, I will discuss, in detail, a likely scenario, that will follow the breaking of the dam that will involve the military, first responders and the United Nations. This is a frightening scenario. One brief look ahead, would indicate that Federal personnel stationed on the border will be moved to assist with the crisis management in the Central Valley of California following the catastrophic failure of the dam. This will increase the dangers resulting from the further breakdown of the border and the increased likelihood of a Red Dawn military action on our Southern border. Also, I would say at this point, get use to seeing blue helmets all across the Southwest.
Please show this data to a skeptic who lives in the Central Valley region of California. Many are voluntarily evacuating. All people in the path of the flood need to immediately evacuate
Over two years after repairs to the main spillway of the Oroville Dam after a near catastrophic failure of the dams emergency runoff chutes the dam was put to the test for media and the world to see. They barely ran the spillway at full operation (understandable), but then they stopped using it and have started working on the inside of what appears to be a – still leaky – spillway.
In this video I use the reporting (fair use) of KPIX CBS Bay Area on the April 2nd re-opening of the dam and then I use the same news cast reporting of ‘rumors’ that the dam is not up to standards to hold massive water runoff if needed. In this video I report and reply to Viewers Comments on both news stories and find out that REAL people are REALLY concerned about the health and well being of the Oroville Dam. No fearporn here Juan. Just real reporting with real public concerns. Open the Video
California faces a triple whammy in which millions of California residents are at risk for three major dam failures. Most readers are aware that the Oroville Dam is in crisis. The latter part of this report will provide a very grim update of the condition of the Oroville and the desperate measures being employed to delay the catastrophic failure of the dam. However, a second dam, the Prado Dam, which now threatens over one million resident of Orange County is in crisis.
CSS colleague, Alexandra Daley, sent a summation of a newspaper account, written by Ashley Ludwig, Patch Staff which was written on May 17, 2019 at 1PM Pacific time.
The Prado Dam is now at a high urgency risk characterization, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Federal engineers are stating that there is a good chance for a “significant flood event. and they upgraded the dam’s risk category from moderate to high urgency.”
According to Federal officials, strong Pacific storms, could produce conditions that could breach the spillway of the Orange County dam. A catastrophic failure has the potential to “drown out dozens of downstream communities, from Anaheim’s Disneyland to Newport Beach” according to the Army Corps of Engineers from the Los Angeles District.
Over 1.4 million people live and work below Prado Dam, with property valued at over $61 billion, including Disneyland and many high-end resorts and properties in Newport Beach.
The Dam has been near failure in the past. In 2005, a leak in the dam led to the evacuation of hundreds of thousands of people in Corona.
Army Corps of Engineer spokesperson, Lillian Doherty told the LA Times that the spillway was a concern, but that repairs on the spillway won’t begin for at least two years. The obvious question jumps off the page: What if a hundred year storm should strike the area before repairs are completed? This damaged spillway is a clear and present danger to 1.4 million residents. However, farther north, the Department of Water Resources (DWR) won’t even admit the Oroville Dam spillway cannot be used Ominous Update On the Oroville Dam
Spillway? Did someone say spillway? At least in Orange County, the federal government has a presence. The people of Orange County should feel good about this. For months, Paul Preston and myself have saying the spillway is damaged and cannot be used to handle the spring run-offs and heavy rains. The people that have mocked our warnings owe us both an apology. In a last ditch effort to save the dam, the DWR is attempting to divert water through the power plant by utilizing something called penstocks. This will allow the Oroville Dam to generate 13,000 cubic feet per second of water with regard to the outflow of water expelled by the dam. Presently the dam cannot generate more than 10,000 cubic feet per second. This process is now needed because the spillway is damaged beyond repair. This is what Paul Preston and myself have been saying, and showing with photos published on our respective websites, and we are now seeing the proof which is employing this desperate and last ditch attempt to delay the inevitable. From the inflow/outflow numbers at the dam, we figure they have an additional three days. The day of reckoning for Oroville Dam is almost here .
The Oroville Dam is less than 10 feet from overtopping. What happens when an earthen dam like the Prado or Oroville Dam has its water overtop the dam? Here is what Army Corps of Engineers Division Chief, Lillian Doherty says about this issue.
"Our concern right now is about the concrete slab of the spillway and how well it will perform if water were to spill over the top of the dam, We will determine whether or not it is as reliable as it should be."
At least the residents near the Prado Dam are being considered. Doherty stated that they are working to develop outreach strategies to alert the estimated 1.4 million people who could be impacted. The people, downstream from the Oroville Dam are being lied to by the DWS. They are being told there is no danger despite the fact that it is obvious for any to see that has eyes to see.
Doherty said her agency is working with a national team of experts to develop interim and permanent risk-reduction measures at the Prado Dam, as well as public outreach strategies to alert the estimated 1.4 million people who live and work in 29 communities downstream.
One may remember that in February 2017, Butte County officials evacuated 180,000 people from the Oroville Dam area because a concrete spillway was deemed to be ineffective. As the situation at the Oroville Dam disintegrated during heavy rains, an evacuation of more than 180,000 people commenced. Had the dam collapsed, all would have been caught in the resulting flood waters and would have all perished in their cars.
The head of the California Water Resources Department was removed after an independent probe found the failure was the result of a lax safety culture. Nothing has changed.
That same year, the Corps of Engineers discovered that the 60-year-old Whittier Narrows Dam, about 40 miles to the west of Prado Dam, was structurally unsafe and posed a potentially catastrophic risk to more than 1 million people in working-class communities along the San Gabriel River floodplain.
Engineers also found that the earthen structure could fail if water were to flow over its crest.
With less than 10 feet from overtopping, why isn’t the Oroville Dam attracting the attention of the Army Corps of Engineers? Why is the inept DWR still in charge? The Whittier Narrows is of concern because the Army Corps of Engineers used the phrase “catastrophic risk to more than 1 million people..”. This is exactly what we are looking at with regard to the Oroville Dam and nobody is saying anything. If the Oroville Dam suffers a catastrophic failure the following will happen with regard to the impact on human survival:
A 30 foot wall of water will escape the failed Oroville Dam
The water will be traveling at 75 mph
It would take a minimum of 72 hours to evacuate Sacramento and Stockton
A 20 foot wall of water would reach Sacramento within 45 minutes
Over 1 million people lie in the path of the water
As with all these soon-to-be-failed dams, the spillways constitute the major reason for potential failure and we are not clearly seeing this condition at the Oroville Dam
From Agenda 21 Radio
Please note the enormous craines. This photo was taken on May 16, 2019. They are not holding back the water, they are checking for catastrophic failure potential. Not a word to the public, but the DWR is very worried!
The Latest Outflow and Inflow Reports From the Oroville Dam
Earlier in this publication I alluded to a new mitigation strategy being employed by the DWR as they are rerouting some of the water through the power plant. They are using the penstocks to accomplish this goal. The penstocks can mitigate flood waters to a certain degree and for only a certain time. The use of the penstocks stresses the dam in other areas and is only meant to mitigate a severe crisis. By using the penstocks, the DWR is admitting that the spillway is not usable. Again, the outflow that can be generated is about 13,000 cubic feet per second. The water approaching the dam over the next several days is peaking at 17,500 inflow. Eventually the dam is going to overtop and the dam will likely fail.
Below is a chart which shows the use of the penstocks is barely meeting the need. However, as it continues to rain and the snow begins to melt, catastrophe is likely.
OROVILLE DAM (ORO)
Elevation: 900.0′ · FEATHER R basin · Operator: CA Dept of Water Resources/O&M Oroville Field Division
Query executed Saturday at 12:17:37
Provisional data, subject to change. Select a sensor type for a plot of data.
DATE / TIME PDT
RES ELE FEET
RIV REL CFS
BAT VOL VOLTS
According to Paul Preston, some people are evacuating. However, many more are unaware of the danger. Both the federal and state governments are acting irresponsibly. Given how quickly the Oroville dam could unravel, evacuations should have already been underway.
"A troubling theme is emerging as the Corps reviews its portfolio of large flood control systems that were built a long time ago and are now showing signs of severe stress," said Daniel Swain, a UCLA climate scientist told the LA Times. "Federal engineers are finding that these systems are not as resilient as they thought they were and that the frequency of what were regarded as once-in-a-lifetime storms is increasing significantly."
The new spillway is failing at exactly the same location as the old one did! The story and photos that follow the video are from Paul Preston at
Paul Preston article begins……
An engineer with 20-plus years experience working on dams fears the Oroville dam could be in trouble again. He says the same problem which led to the failure of the main spillway in 2017 is still happening. Open the Video
March 15, 2019 picture of the Oroville Dam spillway. Note water seeping from the same area where the original spillway broke apart on February 7, 2017. Photo: Robert Armstrong AENN Copyright 2019
The state has spent more than a billion dollars rebuilding the main and emergency spillways at Oroville dam. Now, expert Scott Cahill told News Radio KFBK, water can be seen seeping from the foot of the dam and dozens of points along the new spillway.
An hour later from the above picture taken on March 15, 2019 a second picture of the Oroville Dam spillway shows workers about to repair the water seeping from the same area where the original spillway broke apart on February 7, 2017. The workers are about to engage in what noted dam expert Dr. Robert Bea calls “patch and pray”. meaning “Patch” the leaking seams that are venting water under high pressure from behind the spillway roller compacted concrete and 2 1/2 foot thick steel reinforced structural concrete slab then “Pray”. Next to the seated worker is a “leaf blower” that is about to be used to blow water from a leaking seam so the workers can “Patch” the leak.. These high pressure water leaks are in the exact same spot as the original leak that caused the rupture of the main spillway on February 7, 2017. Photo: Robert Armstrong AENN Copyright 2019
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“That concrete spillway slab is now moving water, which is evolving up through the slab today,” Cahill told News Radio KFBK. “Very similar to what it did before the failure (in 2017).”
Workers prepare to use a leaf blower to dry leaking seams on the Oroville Dam main spillway. March 15, 2019.
Workers using a leaf blower to dry leaking seams on the Oroville Dam main spillway. March 15, 2019.
Cahill has seen this with his own eyes. He’s even more concerned with cracks in the gates along the crest of the dam, something he says is already in what he calls failure mode.
“The possibility exists that a cutback will occur there that will allow the pool to release,” Cahill insisted. “At that point we’ll no longer have control over the velocity or the amount of water that’s moved downstream.”
Cahill said he has sent his concerns to the California Department of Water Resources, but he claims those officials have not replied.
Paul Preston interviewing dam expert Scott Cahill April 23, 2917 at the Oroville dam. Note the credentials displayed by Paul Preston and the yellow vests and helmets worn by Preston and Cahill. Per Department of Water Resources policies at the time members of press and researchers were required to sign in and register at the DWR headquarters on Glenn St. near the dam on February 12, 2017. The Oro Dam location where the above picture was taken was a restricted area by the DWR and could only have been accessed with the approval of the DWR and anyone in this area were required to wear a helmet and yellow vest. These rules were strictly enforced by the DWR. Preston and Cahill both registered, wore the appropriate safety equipment and were given access to areas of the dam not afforded to to the general public. In comments to KFBK DWR spokesmember Erin Mellon “suggested Cahill may have never set foot the dam”. Overwhelming evidence suggests Mellon to be wrong.
The DWR issued a statement to a KFBK request for comment on Cahill’s claims.
“DWR is confident in how we have repaired and reconstructed the main and emergency spillways, using the best engineering practices available and with constant oversight by state and federal regulators to ensure the safety of the downstream communities the facility protects. DWR and its construction contractor Kiewit worked on the design and construction of both the main emergency spillways under the oversight and with the approval of an independent Board of Consultants and state and federal regulators,” said spokeswoman Erin Mellon. “DWR is aware and anticipated some water to seep through the main spillway gates this winter. As the reservoir surpasses elevation 813 feet (the elevation of the spillway gates), some water does seep through the gates onto the spillway as the gates are not designed to be water tight. We issued a press release anticipating this on March 5. It has also been reported on in previous years.
Mellon also suggested Cahill may have never set foot the dam.
A panoramic aerial view of the Oroville Dam main spillway taken Sept. 29, 2017 shows the gap in the middle where roller-compacted concrete was used, and work above and below it where steel reinforced structural concrete was placed. The entire center section was resurfaced with structural concrete. The center section shown above is where the roller compacted concrete was used and was the area of the original leakage that led to the rupture of February 7, 2017 This is now the same area where the leakage has reappeared in March 2019. (Kelly M. Grow — Department of Water Resources)
“DWR and Kiewit maintain records of visits to the dam and spillways and have no record of Mr. Cahill visiting the facility. As you know, the dam and spillway have been inaccessible to the public during reconstruction. I do have an email from a member of the public saying he visited the Oroville area at the end of April 2017 but as you know, that was well before reconstruction began.”
Erin Mellon Should Not Be Critical of Scott Cahill
Reconstruction was already underway when Cahill visited the dam in mid April 2017 and had already spent several days either at the dam or in interviews with DWR/dam personnel, federal, state, county and city officials.
Prior to his visits to Oroville Dam Cahill was actively engaged in the investigation as to the reasons for the failure of the dam system with federal officials and was making attempts to reach our and work with California state officials in the legislature, DWR and various local officials. Federal officials and several state legislators and local officials were more than happy work with Cahill. Not surprising the California state Department of Water Resources refused to entertain any relationship with Cahill.
The contractor Kiewitt was given $275 million contract to repair Oroville Dam Spillway in early April of 2017 and had been meeting with DWR officials to make the necessary repairs before the signing of the contract.
“Per the agreement, Kiewit is to begin reconstruction on Oroville’s failed spillways immediately, with the goal for the system to be operational before the region’s wet winter season that traditionally begins in November”.
Kiewitt did in fact make an immediate transition into working on the dam as early as April 12, 2017.
Cahill in early April before the Kiewitt contract was let made arrangements to fly from Virginia to California witness for himself the disaster first hand. Cahill through his own investigations and interviews knew all the intimate details of what needed to be done but also knew of the serious flaws in the DWR’s planning and execution of the necessary repairs needed to make Oroville dam safe.
Cahill has long been a critic and a pain in the side of the California Department of Water Resource’s handling of the Oroville dam disaster. In an August 2017 interview on the Chris Martenson’s Peak Prosperity podcast Cahill gave several warnings about what he saw at the dam were major issues and the subsequent irresponsible handling of the crisis by the DWR which have not either been addressed or mitigated still to this day.
“They’ve begun the repairs on the bottom half of the spillway, but the tragedy and loss from the bottom half of the spillway failing has already been realized. No one is worried about the bottom half of the spillway. On the other hand, they’ve done nothing yet with the upper half of the spillway — which is what would cause a catastrophic failure of the dam. It’s amazing how much money they’ve already spent, and yet their priorities are such that they haven’t abated the liability at all.
So yes, we’ve made the bottom of the principal spillway, the concrete slues, more sound. But it’s not the bottom of the dam that will fail, of course, it’s the crest — the top of it — where the gates are. That’s still highly suspect.
There are additional issues involving the unwanted moving of water through the dam — the so-called “green spots”. These are areas where water is migrating through the dam, probably through the indigenous soils adjacent to it. I’ve walked on these [at Oroville] and you can stick your foot down, and like your backyard after a torrential rain, water actually comes up into the footprint after you remove your foot. This is not a good situation. I believe there is a lot of movement of water through that dam, including at the structure itself that houses the gates that control the flow down the principal spillway.
There’s nothing wrong with embankment dams in general, they’re wonderful dams. But they rely on the mass of the earthen embankment itself to offset the forces that try to slide or rotate it into failure. When we see water migrating through a dam, it can potentially cause failure of the dam because it offsets the mass all that earth. Plus, there’s a lot of river rock and sand in this embankment. River rock, as we all know, is round. Anyone can understand how a pile of round rocks, if the fines have been washed out from between them by water and the rocks then vibrated, for instance, by seismic activity, weakens the system. These concerns are very, very serious. I believe that this situation is occurring in multiple places across the Oroville dam — and yet this is simply not being discussed”.
Why should Erin Mellon not be critical of Scott Cahill? Simple Erin Mellon has no credibility when it come to issues of dam safety or even dams in general. Mellon who inferred that Cahill had not been to the dam in her interview with KFBK falsely did so because she did not know the facts.
Mellon whose official title is Assistant Director of Public Affairs, California Department of Water Resources was not even employed by the DWR until August 2017 three full months after construction of the spillway was underway by Kiewitt.
Mellon had zero experience working on issues of dams when she was hired in August of 2017. Today following numerous town halls in the affected area of the dam and the inundation zone Mellon has shown herself to be a major liability. Trumpeting the false narrative associated with the safety of Oroville dam being pushed by the Department of Water Resources Mellon has become a good fit. Following a town hall in Yuba City, CA one walnut farmer stated: “She’s (Mellon) is a bald faced liar”. Unfortunately for Mellon the walnut farmer’s comment is what the public generally says about her and by extension the DWR.
The world of dam safety has the highest regard for Scott Cahill and others who have been critical of the DWR including Dr. Robert Bea from the University of California, Berkley. Dr. Bea, a co-author of a report warning of a green spot near the Oroville Dam in July 2017 is a professor emeritus of engineering at Berkeley called the complete repair of the Oroville dam spillway is nothing more than “Patch and pray operation”.
Its obvious we all need prayer as the “patches” are not holding.
An aerial photo of the Oroville Dam main spillway before the 21/2 foot steel reinforced structural concrete was placed over the top of the roller compacted concrete. Wet streaks on the roller compacted part of the chute, are evident but the Department of Water Resources said is was “expected”. April 6, 2018 Photo by Gonzalo (Peewee) Curiel. Les than a year later water is now seeping through both the roller compacted concrete and the steel reinforced structural concrete.
Below is a list of references The DWR and their spokesmember should consult:
‘Patch and Pray’ Crack Repairs on Oroville Dam Emergency …
www.nbcbayarea.com/news/Patch–and-Pray-Crack…’Patch and Pray
’ Crack Repairs on Oroville Dam Emergency Spillway: UC Berkeley Civil Engineer … and troweled it over,” Bea said. “I call it ‘patch and pray.”’ … who went to Oroville Dam in …
Cracks may offer clues to California dam’s troubles …static-ssl.businessinsider.com/…may…dams-troubles-2017-2″We don’t have details on the repairs, but they put cement into the cracks and troweled it over,” Beasaid. “I call it ‘patch and pray.’” Water gushing from the Oroville Dam‘s main spillway on Tuesday in Oroville, California. AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez
No More Patch and Pray—Privatize Oroville Dam: News: The …www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=9289No More Patch and Pray—Privatize Oroville Dam … (Oroville Dam main) spillway,” Bea said. … with its opaque patch-and-pray approach to maintenance and public …
California dam cracks were repaired by ‘patch and prey …www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4226368/Cracks…The Oroville Dam is to be soaked by a foot of rain by Tuesday, ramping up the pressure on engineers who are frantically trying to repair ‘patch and pray‘ quick-fixes which led to its near-collapse …
No more patch and pray — privatize Oroville Dam – SFChronicle.comwww.sfchronicle.com/opinion/openforum/article/No…No more patch and pray — privatize Oroville Dam. … No more patch and pray — privatize Oroville Dam. … (Oroville Dam main) spillway,” Bea said.
Cracks may offer clues to California dam’s troubles …www.businessinsider.com/ap-cracks-may-offer…”We don’t have details on the repairs, but they put cement into the cracks and troweled it over,” Beasaid. “I call it ‘patch and pray.’” Water gushing from the Oroville Dam‘s main spillway on …
Oroville – The More We Learn, The … – The Hugh Hewitt Showwww.hughhewitt.com/oroville-learn-worse-getsIt ain’t over yet: California’s crumbling Oroville Dam will be hit by a FOOT of rain as engineers race to repair erosion after years of ‘patch and pray’ quick-fixes. There is a lot of coverage out there with such attention grabbing headlines.
Report: State, Feds ‘Negligent’ in Oversight of Oroville Dam …www.kqed.org/news/11579545/oroville–dam-spillway…Analysis accuses agencies of relying on a ‘patch and pray‘ approach that led to spillway crisis in February. … Oroville Dam‘s main spillway pictured on Feb. 13 …
Legislative Oversight Testimony Report: Oroville Damwww.orovillechamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/…E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94720-1710 Legislative Oversight Testimony Report: Oroville Dam Dr. Robert G. Beaa Emeritus Professor, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering University of California Berkeley May 11, 2017 Acknowledgements
Analysis Cites Flawed Management in Oroville Dam Failureswww.materialsperformance.com/…/10/…oroville–dam-failures“A superficial ‘patch and pray’ approach is not an acceptable safety and risk management process for important public infrastructure systems,” Bea says, adding that state agencies should have upgraded the Oroville Dam facilities beforehand while also taking steps to update the design, construction, operating, and maintenance standards.