Extra Special this year perhaps as the Queen double-booked her calendar last year and the 2017 Order of the Garter cermony for the MOST PRESTIGIOUS British Order of Chivalry had to be cancelled?!
As Garter Day is nearly upon us I thought it may be worth asking you to look into the history and background of this most prestigious Order of Chivalry from a slightly different perspective.
Chapter 1 – The Enigma
‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’ – ‘Shamed be [he] who evil of it thinks’.
What does ‘it’ refer to and why the ‘Garter’ reference?
Fig 1: Most Noble Order of the Garter – established 1348
Enigmatically, the motto is also associated with the following:
It is incorporated in the coat of arms of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome
It is on the coat of arms above the lower main gate of the castle of the German city of Tübingen.
It appears on the coat of arms of the Elector of Saxony in Stolpen, Germany (dated 1673).
It is on the coat of arms for Heidelberg Castle, Germany (dated 1683).
It appears in the source code for Apollo 11 
It appears in the comments of the source code for the master ignition routine of the Apollo 13 lunar module 
It appears on American Tax Stamps circa 1765 
Until 1997 it appeared prominently on Hong Kong banknotes
It appears in the staff used by the Usher of the Black Rod of the Parliament of Canada.
It appears on the Royal Coat of Arms of the British East India Company
It appears on pre-revolution Cuban Cigar Bands
It appears on the front cover of the British Passport
Fig 2: Abbazia di San Paolo fuori le Mura (Abbey of St. Paul Outside the Walls, Rome)
Figures 3 & 4: Le Schloss Hohentübingen (near Stuttgart, Germany)
Fig 5: Coat of Arms of the Elector of Saxony in Stolpen, Germany – over the entrance to the Electoral Amtshaus 
Fig 6: Coat of Arms for Heidelberg Castle, Germany (dated 1683).
Fig 7: American Tax Stamp – circa 1765 
The American Stamp Act was enacted on November 1, 1765 and repealed in March 1766.
Fig 9: Hong Kong Coinage – the Tael (1867)
Fig 10: Colonial Coat of Arms – British Hong Kong
Fig 11: Royal Coat of Arms of the British East India Company – Penang Museum, Malaysia 
Fig 12: Pre- Revolution Cuban Cigar Band
Fig 13: British Passport
Chapter 2 – The Origins of the Order
List of Founder Knights
At the time of its foundation, the Order consisted of King Edward III, together with 25 Founder Knights, listed in ascending order of stall number in St George’s Chapel:-
King Edward III (1312–77)
Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (1330–76)
Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Lancaster (c. 1310–61)
Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick (d. 1369)
Jean de Grailly, Captal de Buch (d. 1377)
Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford (1301–72)
William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (1328–97)
Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (1328–60)
John de Lisle, 2nd Baron Lisle (1318–56)
Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh (d. 1369)
John de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp (d. 1360)
John de Mohun, 2nd Baron Mohun (c. 1320–76)
Sir Hugh de Courtenay (d. 1349)
Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (1314–1360)
John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield (c. 1300–59)
Sir Richard Fitz-Simon (b. 1295)
Sir Miles Stapleton (d. 1364)
Sir Thomas Wale (d. 1352)
Sir Hugh Wrottesley (d. 1381)
Sir Nele Loring (d. 1386)
Sir John Chandos (d. 1369)
Sir James Audley (d. 1369)
Sir Otho Holand (d. 1359)
Sir Henry Eam (d. before 1360)
Sir Sanchet D’Abrichecourt (d. 1345)
Sir Walter Paveley (d. 1375)
They are all depicted in individual portraits in the Bruges Garter Book made c. 1431, and now in the British Library.
Fig 14: Edward of Woodstock (1330-1376), the Black Prince of Wales, a Founder Member of the Knights of the Garter (William Bruges’s Garter Book c1430-40).
Note the Double Headed Eagle – a symbol of the Holy Roman Empire.
Edward of Woodstock was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362–72). In 1348 he was made a Founding Knight of the Garter. Born 15 June 1330 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire.
Chapter 3 – Other Notable Members
Fig 15: John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough atop the Column of Victory at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxford dressed as a Roman General, eagles at his feet and a Winged Victory in his hand (monument completed 1730)
John Churchill (1650 – 1722), 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Knight of the Order of the Garter, PC.
Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, his descendant and biographer.
Figures 16 & 17: Winston Churchill (1874 – 1965) – Knight of the Order of the Garter. Born Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxford.
Fig 18: Duke of Marlborough Coat of Arms, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxford.
Displaying the Order of the Knight of the Garter motto – ‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’
Note the Double Headed Eagle again – a symbol of the Holy Roman Empire.
Past Knights of the Order of the Garter also included the following Holy Roman Emperors! :
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor 1368–1437
Albert V, Duke of Austria 1397–1439
Later Albert II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor 1415–1493
Maximilian, King of the Romans 1459–1520
Later Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles, Infant of Spain, Archduke of Austria and Duke of Burgundy 1500–1558
Later Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand, Infant of Spain, Archduke of Austria 1503–1564
Later Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor 1527–1576
Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor 1552–1612
Fig 19: Coat of Arms of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1527 – 1576)
The Most Noble Order of the Garter – an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious BRITISH order of chivalry. 
However, since the Order’s inception in 1348 there are a surprising number of apparently ‘FOREIGN’ members?
Of the thousand or so (~1011) Knights appointed to the Order of the Garter from 1348 to 2018  the following are suggested as ‘NON-BRITISH’ from the author’s perspective:
Dates shown are of nomination or installation to the Order.
John IV, Duke of Brittany 1375–1376
William I, Duke of Guelders and Jülich c.1399
William VI, Count of Holland c.1399
Albert I, Duke of Bavaria c. 1398
John I, King of Portugal c.1408
Eric VII, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway c.1405
Philip III, Duke of Burgundy 1422
Infante Peter, Duke of Coimbra 1427
Edward, King of Portugal 1435
Gaston de Foix, Captal de Buch 1438–1439
Henry, Duke of Viseu 1442–1443
Álvaro Vaz de Almada, 1st Count of Avranches 1445
Afonso V, King of Portugal 1447
Alfonso V, King of Aragon and Naples 1450
William, Duke of Brunswick 1450
Casimir IV, King of Poland 1450
Ferdinand I, King of Naples 1463
Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan c.1463
Inigo d’Avalos, Count of Monteodorisio 1467
Charles, Duke of Burgundy 1470
Federico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino 1474
Ferdinand II, King of Aragon and Castile 1480
(Ferdinand II (1452 –1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily
from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death).
Hercules d’Este, Duke of Modena and Ferrara 1480
John II, King of Portugal 1482
Alfonso, Duke of Calabria 1493
John, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway c.1499
Philip, Archduke of Austria and Duke of Burgundy c.1503
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino c.1504
Manuel I, King of Portugal 1510
Giuliano de Medici, Duc de Nemours 1514
Francis I, King of France 1527
Anne de Montmorency, Duc de Montmorency 1532
Philip de Chabot, Comte de Neublanche 1532
Henry II, King of France 1551
Prince Philip of Spain 1554
Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy 1554
Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp 1560
Charles IX, King of France 1564
Francis, Duc de Montmorency 1572
Henry III, King of France 1575
(King of Poland 1573–1574)
Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway 1578
Johann Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern 1579
Henry IV, King of France 1590
Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg 1597
Christian IV, King of Denmark and Norway 1603
Ulrich, Duke of Holstein 1605
Frederick V, Elector Palatine 1612
(King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620)
Maurice de Nassau 1612
(Later Maurice, Prince of Orange)
Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1624
Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Chevreuse 1625
Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden 1627
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange 1627
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine 1633
Prince Rupert of the Rhine 1642
William II, Prince of Orange 1645
Bernard de Nogaret de Foix, Duc d’Épernon 1645
Prince Maurice of the Rhine 1649
Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern 1649
Henri de la Trémoille, Prince de Taranto 1653
William III, Prince of Orange 1653
Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg 1654
John Gaspar Ferdinand de Marchin, Comte de Granville 1658
Christian, Prince Royal of Denmark 1662
(Later Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway)
Charles XI, King of Sweden 1668
John George II, Elector of Saxony 1668
Charles II, Elector Palatine 1680
Prince George of Denmark 1684
Frederic Herman de Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg 1689
Frederick III, Elector of Brandenburg 1690
(Later Frederick I, King in Prussia)
George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1690
John George IV, Elector of Saxony 1692
George Louis, Elector of Hanover 1701
Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg 1703
Prince George Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1706
(Later Prince of Wales; George II, King of Great Britain)
Prince Frederick Lewis of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1717
(Later Prince of Wales)
Prince Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1717
(Later Duke of York and Albany)
William IV, Prince of Orange 1733
Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 1741
Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1741
Johann Adolf II, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels 1745
Charles William Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach 1749
William V, Prince of Orange 1752
Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Bevern 1759
Adolphus Frederick IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1764
Charles William Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1765
Prince Ernest Augustus 1786
(Royal Knight; later King of Hanover)
William IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 1786
Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1790
Alexander I, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias 1813
Louis XVIII, King of France 1814
Francis I, Emperor of Austria 1814
Frederick William III, King of Prussia 1814
Ferdinand VII, King of Spain 1814
William VI, Prince of Orange 1814
(Later William I, King of the Netherlands)
Leopold George Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1816
(Later Léopold I, King of the Belgians)
Frederick VI, King of Denmark 1822
John VI, King of Portugal 1822
Charles X, King of France 1825
Nicholas I, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias 1827
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 1830
William I, King of Württemberg 1830
Augustus William Maximilian Frederick Lewis, 1831
(Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel)
Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen 1837
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1838
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1839
(Later Albert, Prince Consort)
Frederick William IV, King of Prussia 1842
Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony 1842
Louis Philippe, King of the French 1844
Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1844
Napoleon III, Emperor of the French 1855
Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia 1855
(Later Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy)
Abdul Medjid I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire 1856
(First non-Christian member)
Frederick William Nicholas Charles, Crown Prince of Prussia 1858
(Later Frederick III, Emperor of Germany)
Peter V, King of Portugal 1858
William I, King of Prussia 1861
(Later German Emperor)
Prince Louis of Hesse and the Rhine 1862
(Later Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse)
Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1862
Louis I, King of Portugal 1865
Christian IX, King of Denmark 1865
Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine 1865
Leopold II, King of the Belgians 1866
Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein 1866
Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria 1867
Alexander II, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias 1867
Abdul Aziz, Sultan of Ottoman Empire 1867
Prince Leopold 1869
(Later Duke of Albany)
Peter II, Emperor of Brazil 1871
(First non-European member)
Naser al-Din, Shah of Persia 1873
George I, King of the Hellenes 1876
Prince Wilhelm of Prussia 1877
(Later Wilhelm II, Emperor of Germany)
Umberto, King of Italy 1878
Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale 1878
Alexander III, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias 1881
Oscar II, King of Sweden and Norway 1881
Alfonso XII, King of Spain 1881
Albert, King of Saxony 1882
William III, King of the Netherlands 1882
Prince Henry of Battenberg 1885
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria 1887
Prince Henry of Prussia 1889
Charles, King of Württemberg 1890
Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples 1891
(Later Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy)
Prince Ernest Ludwig of Hesse 1892
Carol, King of Romania 1892
Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia 1893
(Later Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias)
Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, 1894
(also Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
Charles I, King of Portugal 1895
Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark 1896
(Later Frederick VIII, King of Denmark)
Frederick William Victor Augustus Ernest 1901
(Crown Prince Imperial of Germany)
Alfonso XIII, King of Spain 1902
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia 1902
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria 1902
Prince Emanuel Philibert of Savoy, Duke of Aosta 1902
Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal 1902
Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany 1902
(also Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
Muzaffir al-Din, Shah of Persia 1903
Wilhelm II, King of Württemberg 1904
Gustav, Crown Prince of Sweden 1905
(Later Gustav V, King of Sweden)
Mutsuhito, Emperor of Japan 1905
Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden 1906
Haakon VII, King of Norway 1906
Manuel II, King of Portugal 1909
Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria 1911
Adolf Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1911
Yoshihito, Emperor of Japan 1912
Christian X, King of Denmark 1914
Albert I, King of the Belgians 1914
Ferdinand, King of Romania 1924
Hirohito, Emperor of Japan 1929
Leopold III, King of the Belgians 1935
George II, King of the Hellenes 1938
Carol II, King of Romania 1938
Prince Paul of Yugoslavia 1939
Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands 1944
Frederick IX, King of Denmark 1951
Gustaf VI Adolf, King of Sweden 1954
Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia 1954
Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands 1958
Olav V, King of Norway 1959
Baudouin, King of the Belgians 1963
Paul, King of the Hellenes 1963
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1972
Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark 1979
Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden 1983
Juan Carlos, King of Spain 1988
Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands 1989
Akihito, Emperor of Japan 1998
Harald V, King of Norway 2001
Felipe VI, King of Spain 2017
Chapter 4 – Why the Order of the ‘Garter’?
The Official Narrative:-
Various legends account for the origin of the Order. The most popular involves the “Countess of Salisbury”, whose garter is said to have slipped from her leg while she was dancing at a court ball at Calais. When the surrounding courtiers sniggered, the king picked it up and returned it to her, exclaiming,
“Honi soit qui mal y pense!”
(“Shame on him who thinks ill of it!”), the phrase that has become the motto of the Order.
According to another legend, King Richard I was inspired in the 12th century by St George the Martyr while fighting in the Crusades to tie garters around the legs of his knights, who subsequently won the battle. King Edward supposedly recalled the event in the 14th century when he founded the Order.
For what its worth, both of the above explanations are quite ‘lame’ for such a prestigious Order of Knights (in the author’s opinion).
A More Plausible Explanation?
The ‘Order of the Garter’ associated with the ‘Leg of Italy’
Fig 20: The Mezzogiorno: Old Boot of Italy, featuring Garibaldi, 1868
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 – 1882) was an Italian general, politician, nationalist and Freemason.
Figs 21 and 22: Coat of Arms on Display at Chirk Castle, North Wales and a Cloister Roof Boss at Christ Church College, Oxford
Figs 23 and 24: Coats of Arms at the Main Gate for Hawarden Castle, North Wales, former residence of Sir William Gladstone (1925 – 2018), 7th Baronet, Knight of the Order of the Garter
The ‘Leg of Italy’ to be found in the cloister roof bosses, Christ Church College, Oxford, on one of the coats of arms on display at Chirk Castle, North Wales and displayed on both coats of arms at the main gate for Hawarden Castle, North Wales.
Chapter 5 – The Duke of Wellington
Knight of the Garter (KG)
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. His defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain’s military heroes.
Fig 25: Arthur Wellesley (1769 – 1852), 1st Duke of Wellington KG
Fig 26: Coat of Arms of Arthur Wellesley (1769 – 1852), 1st Duke of Wellington  showing the motto for the Order of the Garter.
Fig 27: Duke of Wellington Battle Standard – St Pauls Cathedral Crypt, London
Note the Double Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire again.
An interesting side note is that Arthur Wellesley had strong connections with Freemasonry – both his father and his brother served as Masters and they both became Grand Masters of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. 
Arthur himself was initiated into Trim Lodge (no 494), Ireland at the age of 21. 
Arthur Wellesley was created Marquis of Wellington on 18 August 1812 and was appointed Knight of the Order of the Garter on 4th March 1813. 
Fig 28: Caricature of the Duke of Wellington as a Wellington Boot (circa 1830)
Is this a humorous association of the ‘Order of the Garter’ with the ‘Leg of Italy’ for those in the cognoscenti?
Chapter 6 – The Triskelion
Everyone knows that standing on one leg can be a little unbalanced but what if stabilizers are added.
Fig 29: Flag of Sicily – the Triskelion is an ancient symbol of Sicily
Fig 30: Sicilian Coinage.
Fig 31: Note the proximity of Sicily to Italy
Fig 32: Coat of arms of the city of Füssen, Bavaria, Germany
The German name Füssen literally translates to ‘Feet’.
Füssen was settled in Roman times, on the Via Claudia Augusta, a road that leads southwards to northern Italy and northwards to Augusta Vindelicum (today’s Augsburg), the former regional capital of the Roman province Raetia.
In late antiquity, Füssen was the home of a part of the Legio III Italica, which was stationed there to guard the important trade route over the Alps.
Legio Tertia Italica (“Italian Third Legion”) was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in AD 165 by the emperor Marcus Aurelius (r. 161-80), for his campaign against the Marcomanni tribe. The cognomen Italica suggests that the legion’s original recruits were mainly drawn from Italy. The legion was still active in Raetia and other provinces in the early 5th century (Notitia Dignitatum, dated ca. 420 AD for Western Roman Empire entries). 
Then there is the symbol for the Isle of Man – the difference being that the legs are now armoured.
Fig 33: Isle of Man Symbol
The motto is ‘Quocunque Jeceris Stabit’, which is Latin and means: “whichever way you shall have thrown [it], it shall stand”
The Manx triskelion is known in the Manx language as tre cassyn “the three legs”. The symbol has been associated with the island since at least the 13th century. 
Fig 34: Coat of Arms for Sir John Stanley I, KG (c. 1350–1414) incorporating the Order of the Garter and the Triskelion.
Sir John Stanley I, KG (c. 1350–1414) was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and titular King of Mann, the first of that name. The Stanley family later became the Earls of Derby and remained prominent in English history into modern times.
The author also came across the Triskelion on a monument in an old Scottish town on the River Tay – Dunkeld (once the capital of Scotland!).
The monument features both the ‘Compass and Squares’ of the Freemasons and the Triskelion?
Figures 35 and 36: Dunkeld Monument, Scotland featuring both the Compass and Squares of the Freemasons and the Triskelion
Fig 37: Dunkeld Monument, Scotland featuring both the Compass and Squares of the Freemasons and the Triskelion
Dunkeld is located approximately 14 miles NNW of Perth in Scotland.
Modern Perth is situated 3km downstream (on the River Tay) of the original Roman fort of Bertha. Bertha/Perth was the limit of the Roman Empire in Britain; the Romans never defeated the Picts at Scone (pronounced Scoon), the ancient capital of Scotland, only two miles north of Perth.
Fig 38: Modern Coat of Arms of Perth, Scotland featuring the Double-Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire
Could the armoured legs of the Triskelion be stabilisers for the ‘Leg of Italy’ and the Holy Roman Empire?
Fig 39: Statue of Richard, Second Marquis of Westminster (1795 – 1869), Knight of the Order of the Garter, Chester, UK
Fig 40: Detail of the Garter Robes from the Statue of Richard, Second Marquis of Westminster (1795 – 1869), Chester, UK
Fig 41: Signs on Bishop Lloyds Palace, Watergate Street, Chester, UK (carvings dated to 1615).
Signs include the Order of the Garter, the Triskelion, the Cross of St George and the Double Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire.
Is the ‘Leg of Italy’ and the ‘Order of the Garter’ connected to anything else?
Fig 42: Freemasonic Initiation Rite for the First Degree – the First Step
Emmanuel Macron warned of the possible beginning of World War Three should the United States withdraw from the nuclear deal with Iran. Let us imagine how events may develop if Donald Trump torpedoes this agreement on May 12.
The UN Security Council has been developing the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, commonly known as Iran’s nuclear program, for more than a decade. The plan says that Tehran should refuse from attempts to either build or possess nuclear weapons. In return, the international community undertakes to gradually lift international and national sanctions from Iran in trade, technology, finance and energy. However, President Donald Trump considers the “nuclear deal” with Iran insane and threatens to withdraw from it unilaterally.
Trump has a personal aversion to Iran
“The elimination of the symbolic nuclear agreement with Iran from 2015 would open a Pandora’s box – this could mean war,” Macron told the German newspaper Der Spiegel. European leaders used to reject the position of the United States on the subject. These days, however, they are ready to consider a few aspects that the deal does not embrace, such as, for example, the development of ballistic missiles – a weapon designed to deliver nuclear bombs to their targets.
Dmitry Abzalov, President of the Center for Strategic Communications, told Pravda.Ru that Donald Trump would most likely torpedo the Iran deal on Saturday. “Trump has an aversion to Iran, and Mueller’s investigation brings to light a few of those close to him. Secondly, Israel’s Netanyahu actively supports Donald Trump. The two politicians will try to take advantage of the Iranian issue to switch public attention to questions of foreign, rather than domestic policies,” the expert told Pravda.Ru.
As for the Europeans, they have economic interests in Iran, Abzalov believes. It goes about colossal investments in the Iranian fuel and energy complex and the joint German-French project to supply Airbus aircraft to Iran. “Torpedoing the Iran nuclear deal would strike a serious blow on European businesses that will fear secondary sanctions on the dollar market. USA’s unilateral withdrawal from the Iran deal will lead to higher tensions in the region,” Dmitry Abzalov told Pravda.Ru.
Six steps to WWIII: Trump torpedos Iran deal
Let us assume that Donald Trump will not extend the deal. This is the first step. Step two – Tehran will immediately resume uranium enrichment works. This was announced by the chief of Iran’s Atomic Organisation Ali Akbar Salehi and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani himself. Step three – Washington will reinstate the sanctions, while Russia and China fail to pass resolutions condemning Washington through the UN Security Council because of the silence of the Europeans. Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia and Turkey say that they also launch uranium enrichment operations to protect their people from the insanity of the Iranian regime.
Most likely, Israel has had nuclear weapons for a long time already. As a result, we will see four nuclear powers in the Middle East in a few years, where ISIS* is still struggling to survive. North Korea will be willing to revisit its nuclear ambition as well, and the principle of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons will go down in history forever.
The United States may prefer to start bombing Iranian nuclear facilities immediately after receiving a signal about the resumption of uranium enrichment works (step four). However, Iran keeps those objects hidden in mountains, and even a massive attack on the Islamic Republic will not be able to break Iran’s nuclear potential. The appearance of the bomb will be delayed, but the reaction to the attack will follow immediately.
Step five – Iran will block the Strait of Hormuz – a transport corridor for almost one-third of global oil trade. Oil prices will skyrocket. Step six – Hezbollah will strike Israel, and the conflict will start snowballing with Syria and possibly, Lebanon and Palestine joining in. Iran can also help the Houthis in their struggle against Saudi Arabia, and the war on the Arabian Peninsula will erupt with a vengeance, which, in fact, will lead to the grand finale as Emmanuel Macron described it.
The US will benefit from such a development: USA’s shale oil and LNG will not be too expensive for Europe against the background of high world prices on oil. A new war in the Middle East will bring new loans and orders for the US defence industry. This would contribute to the growth of the American industry and create jobs, jobs, jobs, as Trump promised.
Preparations for a war with Tehran are in full swing: an American court ordered Iran to pay billion-dollar compensations to victims of 9/11 attacks; Benjamin Netanyahu promulgated intelligence materials to prove that Tehran had retained its military nuclear program after the conclusion of the nuclear deal. The ayatollah regime in Iran may collapse, unless, of course, Iran shows consolidated resistance.
Can Iran count on support from Russia and China? The two countries will most likely refuse to join international sanctions against Iran. However, such a humble move will not save Iran in the dollar-pegged global economy. Moscow may thus lose a landmark ally in the region. This could be another long-term goal of the United States and Israel.
Lyuba Lulko (Stepushova) Pravda.Ru
See more at http://www.pravdareport.com/world/asia/07-05-2018/140921-iran_nuclear_deal-0/
It all started when the famous CBS-TV show “60 Minutes” did a report in which experts said drug companies were trying to keep this natural pain relief miracle hidden from the public because they could NOT patent it and make a fortune from it.
The big greedy drug companies convinced and connived Mainstream Medicine to “Blacklist” this natural pain ender … even though this product with its “magic drops” safely ends even the worst pain anywhere in your body in 54 seconds with no side effects, no stomach upset or stomach pain and no long term unknown health risks.
But even as powerful and rich as the big drug companies are, many of the rich and famous, and Hollywood Stars like James Coburn and James Culp have gotten these magic drops and swear by it.
And so do world-famous doctors including Dr. Oz, Dr. Mercola, Dr. Julian Whitaker, Dr. Al Sears and others.
The CFR, Trilateral Commission and Bilderberg Group want war.
The RIIA, LBMA and SERCO want war.
The Committee of 300 and Black Nobility want war.
Israel wants war.
Saudi Arabia wants war.
The United Kingdom and France want war.
Corporate America wants war.
The U.S. Congress wants war.
The Trump Administration wants war.
Why do all of these powerful entities want war?
Because there’s really no other way out of their unsustainable predicaments except by triggering a full-blown World War III scenario. Truly, the New World Order globalist cabal now finds itself in an untenable situation as it grows more desperate by the day.
The rapidly deteriorating state of international affairs, as well as domestic affairs for many nations, stands as a testament to this ongoing and engineered clash of civilizations. What follows is a list of serious developments which spell the final end of the British-American Empire. And these are just a few of the major events clearly signaling the end of the era.
• Iran’s decoupling with US dollar and transition to the Euro
• Unlawful attacks of unprovoked military aggression by Israel on Syria
• Occupation of Syria by the U.S. military and C.I.A.
• Attacks on Syrian government forces by the US-led coalition
• PM Benjamin Netanyahu gives fake presentation on Iran’s nuclear program
• Incessant warmongering by NATO and its proxies
• False flag chemical attacks staged by Western powers
• Operation Gladio attacks carried out worldwide
• Extreme volatility of the stock market especially the NYSE
• Repatriation of gold by several G20 nations
• Multi-decade institutional downward manipulation of gold price
• Unprecedented explosion of crytocurrencies and their extreme volatility
• Deep State plots and conspiracies executed daily in broad daylight
• Soft coup being carried out against the POTUS
• ZIRP and NIRP are the new normal throughout the G8
• Escalating trade war between the U.S. and China
• Imminent Brexit and Anglo-American trade wars with European Union
• Perpetual persecution of Russia and her BRICS allies
• Russia and China form close trading relationship with massive energy contracts
• Wave of Russian diplomat murders and arson fire spree throughout Motherland
• Unparalleled expulsion of Russian diplomats by 30 nations based on false accusations
• US Ambassador to UN Haley exposes herself as hardcore warmonger and Israel Firster
• Neocon Zionist John Bolton appointed as National Security Advisor
• Neocon puppet Mike Pompeo appointed to Secretary of State
• Torture advocate Gina Hapsel appointed to CIA Director
• War cabinet shoehorned into place by Trump after peacemakers fired
Problem past, perilous future
First and foremost, the only way TPTB can get away from their utterly corrupt and criminal past is to destroy all the records… and erase the memory. Even then, digital records will surely exist for the foreseeable future. Nevertheless, the cabal is now compelled to disappear their warmongering history so that present and future generations are unaware.
The pervasiveness of the Internet, with so much incriminating truth now available, has necessitated this initiative. The only practical way for TPTB to accomplish this goal is during the predictable fog of war that would inevitably predominate during a Third World War. For instance, if martial law was declared in the USA, adequate cover could be provided for shredding every sensitive file deemed dangerous to the cabal.
As for the future, the only way forward for their New World Order, as defined by a totalitarian One World Government is, again, a Third World War. Only such a devastating and global-scale armed conflict will provide them the opportunity to create sufficient chaos worldwide — in the spirit of Ordo ab chao (i.e. order out of chaos) — so they can foist a One World Government upon the world community of nations.
KEY POINT: In reality the New World Order has been with US for well over 100 years. Ever since the Federal Reserve System was established in the United States of America, the NWO globalists have effectively ruled the world. Even before the FED was formed in 1913, the bankster elites have governed nations, controlled societies, and managed trade and commerce the world over.
Now here they are in 2018 and with their backs are up against the wall.
They have nowhere to go. They have nowhere to hide.
The Internet has been humming 24/7 since the last century and that hum of damning information is only getting louder by the day. The unparalleled explosion of truth about those who have ruthlessly controlled the entire planetary civilization is now reverberating around the globe.
Whether one researches the Rothschilds or the Rockefellers on the World Wide Web, the same search results indicate that these banksters finally got caught in the same web of deceit and deception. Most are unaware that these two banking families are but fronts for the numerous Illuminati families that have operated surreptitiously since the Black Nobility gained notoriety post-Marco Polo (i.e. lated 13th century).
As a matter of historical fact, the real perpetrators behind the World Wars and Great Depressions have been revealed like never before. Therefore, the NWO perps are between a rock and a hard place with not a whit of wiggle room. So there’s no getting out of it this time…except, so they think, by starting a Third World War.
Of course, there is also the obsessive advancement of their NWO agenda. Only by subjugating Russia (and China) can total world domination come closer to reality. In fact, both world wars were started to prevent a powerhouse alliance from being formed between Germany and Russia. The 20th century globalists knew from playing the Great Game that such an eventuality must be averted if global hegemony was to be achieved. For more details, see: STRATFOR Chief Reveals Zio-Anglo-American Plot For World Domination
The Deep State now fears a “partnership for peace” between the United States and Russia more than anything else. It used to fear the natural alliance between Russia and Germany, since the Anglo-American domination of the world would be genuinely threatened by such a powerful geopolitical relationship. The two World Wars were engineered to pit Russia against Germany in order to preclude such a bloc from forming. The same Neocon cabal has been very busy setting up Europe for yet a Third World War by manipulating Merkel’s government (as well as the entire European Union) against Putin’s Kremlin. The immigrant crisis that began with the wars in the Middle East and North Africa was literally manufactured to destabilize Europe as a precursor to World War III.
However, in the wake of the Trump presidency, Deep State now has a much bigger ‘problem’—the very real prospect of a United States-Russian Federation entente. For this reason, the C.I.A. and MSM (mainstream media) have been beating the war drums like never before. Russia has, overnight, become the whipping boy for everything wrong with the Democratic Party as well as the scapegoat for every major (and fictitious) security lapse in the USA. The U.S. Intelligence Community will continue to fabricate patently false stories about the Trump Administration with respect to Russia as pre-emptive strikes to make any meaningful dialogue politically precarious. At the request of the C.I.A., the MSM will also continue to publish fake news and naked propaganda in order to greatly inflame anti-Russian sentiment.
Whenever the Neocon cabal wants war, they pull out all the stops. However, in 2017, their New World Order is under serious assault around the globe and war has become an apparent necessity. Populist movements and nationalist revolutions are springing up like mushrooms across the planet. After the controlled demolition of the Global Economic and Financial System, the cabal considers war — World War III — as their only real option (just as they created the Great Depression to set the stage for World War II). Inciting extreme Russophobia has been the means to starting the real big wars. World War III will be no different, unless Trump and Putin meet in broad daylight and declare Deep State the archenemy of We the People everywhere. That’s the short story, now read on for the extended back story. (Source: What’s really behind all the fabricated anti-Russia hysteria?)
A careful reading of this short reality check indicates that a major war is but a foregone conclusion. Whether it develops into a global conflict is less likely because there are major players who will not be goaded into world war. That doesn’t mean the warmongers won’t try however.
There is one wild card in this analysis which has escaped attention. It’s actually a Trump card which can significantly alter the current trajectory toward war. That would be President Donald J. Trump. He campaigned fervently as a peace candidate and his base will hold him to his word.
Hence, whether you are an avid Trump supporter or ardent Trump detractor, every peacemaker in highly encouraged to pray for his edification. For his determination to keep his promises and keep the peace. For his willingness to make peace wherever he can; and to refrain from prosecuting any and all wars.
Bottom Line: 2018 is the “Year of Endings” even if Trump doesn’t drop another MOAB.
May, June, and July of 2018 are destined to be highly consequential. The world community of nations is facing its greatest challenge since World War II.
Those who have dictated the destiny of the human race up for centuries are likewise confronted with prodigious and unforeseen obstacles. And their plight only worsens by the day. The power elite have quite deliberately created this highly combustible situation.
As a result, globalists are bumping up against nationalists with increasing frequency and ferocity. Facing existential threats as they are, the globalists have everything to lose. And the One World Government they seek is but pipe dream.
As long as the American people keep their right to bear arms, they stand as the last major bulwark against the curse of globalization. However, they must also retain their right to freedom of speech. This is why they were ratified as the First and Second Amendments; true liberty can only be guaranteed with both firmly in place.
The state of the global geopolitical chessboard has never been so precarious. 2018 is certainly shaping up to host a defining moment for humanity. Circumstances are now conspiring to make sure that specifically timed events occur—monumental events! Only in this way can much needed release and resolution begin to take place.
As a year of great consequence, it’s quite likely that 2018 will become an epochal year of endings. Not only will this year of completions bring extraordinary change, the international order will begin the process of profound and fundamental transformation. Right now, however, we are still in the calm before the storm.
Therefore, it has never been so important to stay centered, grounded and focused. Once the trigger is pulled a whole series of dominoes will fall, each one crashing into the next. Only when the dust settles will it will be possible to properly assess the situation and respond accordingly. Until then, the time is getting shorter by the minute so vigilance is the buzzword for the next few months.
Since 2011, more than 18,000 Syrian human beings have had their organs harvested. Men, women and children. And the mainstream media has been silent. No one is doing anything to stop it. Because it’s business: Human trafficking, Satanic ritual abuse, organ harvesting. #PureEvil.
“So do not be afraid of them, for there is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known.” Matthew 10:26
The Syrian Arab Army has stunned the world with its successful defense of Damascus, assets, and military installations in the early hours of April 14th, 2018. The attacks by the US and UK consisted of over a hundred missiles, were carried out without UN Security Council approval and are illegal in international law. This confirms once again the status of the two Atlanticist regimes as criminal offenders of the highest order. The failure of the US attack may have any number of explanations, ranging from ineptitude, inability to project, a well maintained and upgraded Syrian army, or even a lack of American resolve.
Of course in war, the ‘coordinated attack’ is so basic that it goes without being explained. But the Trump administration attacks on Syria appear coordinated in a very different way. Were the attacks coordinated with the Russians?
There would be a pattern of coordination with these attacks, if this attack was also coordinated. These are becoming standard ‘response’ type attacks, we had the feckless US attack on the Syrian air base a year ago, the Shayrat missile strike on April 7th, 2017, where nothing really hit. At the time, we suggested and were not alone to suggest, that something was off with the Shayrat attack as well.
It appeared the US had communicated the target specs to the Russians who relayed them to the Syrians. It became a matter of the historical record that the US did in fact consult the Russians on target locations in order to minimize the risk of hitting Russian personnel, etc. Damage was close to nil, six planes damaged and with a single pock-mark in the run-way being fixed within an hour or so. Casualties listed at about 9 dead, and while there’s no particular reason to doubt this number, crazier things have been claimed in the past.
The Russians at the time considered that the “combat effectiveness” of the April 2017 attack was “extremely low”. Of 59 launched, only 23 missiles hit the base destroying six aircraft, and the other 36 could not be accounted for. At the time, experts wondered whether the US had used this opportunity to use expired Tomahawk missiles, or even whether the US was pulling its punches.
In a similar attack last night that was announced similarly by the sitting US president, we have last night’s laser light and fireworks show.
Now looking again at how this has gone down, in the early hours of April 14th, 2018, we have the US firing – according to what the Russian General Staff issued in a statement – a total of 103 cruise missiles from which 71 had been intercepted by Syria, adding that no government military airfield had been damaged as a result of the attack.
Setting ‘rates’ aside, what really matters is what was hit. If the tactic was to overwhelm the defense systems than a high intercept rate would be expected as a possibility. If the airfields were the strategically significant target of the attack, then it certainly was a failure.
Is the US simply not capable of more than this? Was it pulling its punches? Was this chiefly a cathartic attack which can now bring to rest an openly exposed to story that the Brits are failing embarrassingly and repeatedly in their staged attacks at home and in Syria?
So in terms of capacity, it would appear that in the event of an escalated attack that would draw Russia in – something which apparently the US wanted to avoid – that there is a counterbalance of Russian naval force in the region and in between the land-mass and the Atlanticist naval forces. There is a decent argument from this alone, that the US simply lacks the capacity to project from their location and hit the targets. Then why carry it out?
And at the same time, today’s attack may satiate some of the forces within the Atlanticst power structure, and serve a cathartic purpose. Now moderates can tell hawks, ‘there you’ve got your attack’. Now what the media has been on about, and what the majority congressional pro-war caucus of sorts has been demanding, can be put to rest for a moment. The divisions in American society, however, are deeper than this. We saw a similar situation with the attack a year ago. There was an alleged chemical attack in Syria, which invariably involved the foreign intelligence and operations wing of the government – like the CIA – and then there was media and congressional pressure on Trump (that time they spoke of impeachment), and then we had his ordered attack on the Syrian air base.
And just as with a year ago, we saw some wing of the US power establishment working through the CIA to create these false flag attacks, that are also part hoaxed or use hoaxed evidence, which force the US president to order some attack. And now, as then, these attacks ended up not being very impressive.
In the backdrop of all of this is a president who publicly opposes escalation from day one and has moved to declare the conflict over, indicating a redeployment of forces to the US-Mexico border, and in so doing, returning national discourse to domestic issues. And then, and now, has been some success at directing American public attention away from domestic matters for a moment and back to the Syria question, and foreign terrorism by extension.
What’s additionally interesting now, is that just as with the April 2017 attack, Russia makes an official announcement involving the use or sale of its S-300 or S-400 defense system. In statements recorded by Tass, the spokesman of the General Staff continued:
“A few years ago, we refused to supply S-300 air defense systems to Syria due to the request of some of our Western partners. Taking into account what happened, we consider it possible to return to this issue. And not only with regard to Syria, but with regard to other states,”.
In their statement, they included that Syrian air defense forces had successfully intercepted all twelve of the cruise missiles which had been used to attack the Dumayr military airfield, the base is used to support the army campaign on Eastern Ghouta.
We find an important narrative here that Russian air defenses were not used to repel the missile strike, being said both in passing reference to the Syrian army’s work, and with a direct statement. The subsequent framing by Russian media is not simply stenography, but in fact narrative construction.
“Russia’s air defenses haven’t been used to repel the missile strike on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic”, the military said. This is very clear, and mirrors de-escalation discourse. The US appears to have decided not to directly engage with Russian targets.
“None of the cruise missiles launched by the US and its allies entered the zone of responsibility of the Russian air defenses, covering objects in Tartus [naval facility] and Hmeymim [airbase located in Latakia province],” the Russian Defense Ministry added. And is this not convenient?
“Russian air defense systems at the Hmeymim and Tartus bases have timely found and controlled all the missile launches from naval and air vehicles of the US and Britain,” the Russian General Staff stated to Tass. They added that they hadn’t recorded French aviation’s participation in the attack, which is also interesting to note for several reasons, beyond any truth value it may have.
The obvious message is the important message here – Russia and the US did not engage, so do not expect a Russian ‘retaliation’ militarily. The Syrian Arab Army will continue its clean-up campaign and Russia will pursue diplomacy on multiple fronts and in multiple vectors.
This doesn’t rule out that Russia won’t escalate in other ideas, as a ‘cold’ response. That is a long established Russian method, which reflect sovereign prerogative.
Again this goes in hand with the idea that there are serious divisions within the US power structure over how to manage Syria, in fact on any number of questions substantively, all together.
Russia has just announced that it had evidence that Atlanticists, in particular in the UK government, had fabricated parts of its evidence of the alleged Syrian chemical attack.
While the Syrian Arab Army no doubt performed optimally, the history of US and Russian coordination which limited the scope of the attacks in more ways than one, and the similar circumstances surrounding this attack, lead us to lend credence to the possibility that this attack too reflected some degree of coordination and limitation.
Overall, the idea that ineffective US attacks reflect some divisions in the US power establishment, isn’t far fetched. At the same time, more standard explanations should first be given weight. It has been written about for some time, that US power projection is dwindling. These are matters of relative development – country’s defense capacities have increased in the last few decades, and the problems with the US’s predominant military doctrines have been exposed.
The questions that remain open are – to what extent will today’s attacks satiate elements of the US elite and open up the possibility for diplomacy?
What is the general consensus on the cost/benefit to winning the Syrian conflict from the point of view of American elites?
Will successive direct US attacks on Syria also follow this pattern of low success? What are the real reasons for this?
I didn’t think so. I wouldn’t either. So what’s with Macron and May? What’s with the French and British governments? What’s with the French and British media? I read recently that former UK Labour prime minister Tony Blair is now worth $100 million, his payoff for lying to the UK government and people in order to support the George W. Bush regime’s invasion of Iraq. Have Macron and May been promised the same?
It makes no sense for the UK and French governments to make themselves targets of a military power against which they have no possibility of defense. It makes no sense that their peoples and media sit silently while one French president and one British prime minister endanger not only France and the UK but the entirety of Europe. What’s with the European Union? There is only silence as Europe, and the world with it, are taken to the brink of annihiliation. This makes no sense. https://www.globalresearch.ca/taking-the-world-to-the-brink-of-annihilation/5635456
People in Ghouta, doctors in Ghouta, and Russian experts who have arrived on the scene report that there is no sign of any chemical attack. Not only did Syria not use chemical weapons against the civilians that it liberated, there was no chemical attack, not even a false flag one staged by the US supported mercenaries who have been driven out of Ghouta by the Syrian Army. In other words, the chemical attack is entirely a hoax.
To keep the hoax from being confirmed by independent investigation, Washington vetoed a UN Security Council resolution to send in neutral experts to evaluate the claim of chemical attack. Why would Washington prevent an investigation that would prove Washington’s allegation? Clearly, Washington would only prevent an investigation that would disprove the false allegation. There is no doubt whatsoever that Washington’s allegation is false and is being used as an excuse to force Russia to fight or to accept Washington’s hegemony in the Middle East.
What if there was a chemical attack? Why does it matter to people who are killed whether it was by bullets, bombs, missiles, or chemicals? Why is it so bad to use chemicals instead of Hellfire missiles? Why is it OK for Washington and Israel to blow up schools, hospitals, weddings, funerals, market places, and homes full of women and children with missiles, but not OK to kill people with chemicals? Why is it worth starting World War 3 over a hoax chemical weapons attack or a real one?
Americans, for the most part a clueless people, have no awareness of the risk that the criminally insane government in Washington is taking with their lives. What if the Russians mean what they say and do not again turn the other cheek and back down? What happens if Russia replies to force with force?
Why is it that only a few Internet sites are asking this question?